The king’s execution did not, however, resolve the struggle between the Girondins and the Montagnards, the deputies of the extreme left. He fought for universal suffrage, for unrestricted admission to the national guard, to public offices, and to the commissioned ranks of the army, and for the right to petition. In all, the committee oversaw some 17,000 official executions. Seemingly intoxicated with the power over life and death, Robespierre called for more purges and executions. Questions and answers about Maximilien Robespierre. He became increasingly popular with the people for his attacks on the French monarchy and his advocacy for democratic reforms. Grounded in ancient history and the works of the French philosophers of the Enlightenment, he welcomed the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which formed the preamble of the French constitution of September 3, 1791, and he insisted that all laws should conform to it. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Summary Maximilien Robespierre (Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre) was born on May 6th, 1758, in Arras where his father was based as an advocate. Robespierre and his three younger siblings were brought up by diverse relatives after their father dramatically lost his way in life after the death of his wife in childbirth in 1767. He soon made a name for himself and was appointed a judge at the Salle Épiscopale, a court with jurisdiction over the provostship of the diocese. As a student training to be a lawyer, he became an advocate of Jean Jacques Rousseau. The next day, he and 21 of his allies were executed at the guillotine. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (French: [mak.si.mi.ljɛ̃ fʁɑ̃.swa ma.ʁi i.zi.dɔʁ də ʁɔ.bɛs.pjɛʁ]; 6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) was a French lawyer and statesman who was one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. Reign of Terror, period of the French Revolution from September 5, 1793, to July 27, 1794, during which the Revolutionary government decided to take harsh measures against those suspected of being enemies of the Revolution (nobles, priests, and hoarders). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Martial law was proclaimed, and at the Champ-de-Mars the national guard—under the command of the marquis de Lafayette, a moderate who wanted to save the monarchy—opened fire on a group demanding the abdication of the king. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. In the latter months of 1793, he came to dominate the Committee of … Robespierre took a hardline stance against the war, warning that, "No one loves armed missionaries." After the coup, the Committee of Public Safety lost its credibility and the French Revolution became distinctly less radical. He quickly attracted attention in an assembly that included some distinguished names. Episode Twenty-Four: Cue the Applause. Omissions? Some of his colleagues saw his refusal to compromise and his rigid stand against all authority as extreme and impractical. Maximilien Robespierre came to dominate the Committee of Public Safety during the Reign of Terror. Maximilien Robespierre was a radical democrat and key figure in the French Revolution of 1789. Everything was in plush velvet, rich furs of bears, tigers and lions and silk table runners. In Paris a wave of executions followed. Maximilien de Robespierre was a radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He followed a policy of severe control and punishment. His mother died when he was 6 years old, and his father left the family soon after. Maximilien Robespierre, also a Jacobin, strongly pleaded against war with Prussia and Austria – but in the Jacobin Club, not in the Assembly where he was not seated. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre was born on May 6, 1758, in Arras, France. Frenchman Marquis de Lafayette fought in the American Revolutionary War and helped shape France's political structure before and after the French Revolution. Although he had defined the aims of insurrection, he hesitated to advocate it: “Fight the common enemy,” he told the provincial volunteers, “only with the sword of law.” When the insurrection nevertheless broke out on August 10, 1792, Robespierre took no part in the attack on the Tuileries Palace. A patron before stories delivered right to your inbox, which provided him with a comfortable.. 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