Peridotite is a derived term of peridot. * 2004 , (Richard Fortey), The Earth , Folio Society 2011, p. 51: Gem-quality olivine is known as peridot , which has a subtle green light all its own. Partial melting of mantle peridotite Melting begins when upwelling mantle intersects the peridotite solidus. Peridotite. Peridotite definition: a dark coarse-grained ultrabasic plutonic igneous rock consisting principally of olivine | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Peridotite is an igneous rock that is made up primarily of olivine and pyroxene. The Yellow Dog peridotite, thought to be approximately 1.1 Ga in age, is composed of partly serpentinized peridotite, containing 40 to 50 percent olivine (1/2 to 2/3 serpentinitzed) and 30 percent pyroxenes consisting of subequal amounts of orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene. A peridotite is an ultramafic rock containing more than 40% olivine (Mg 2 SiO 4). The studied area is shown by a rectangle. Peridotite is ultramafic, as the rock contains less than 45% silica. Nevertheless, gemologists today no longer use this term. Peridot has been used as an amulet of protection since the beginning of man’s civilization, used to dispel sorcery and magic, terrors of the night, evil spirits, melancholy and madness, as well as to sharpen the mind. Fresh dunite is used in parts of glass furnaces. Written By Liz Oakes. Question: A. These rock specimens are ideal teaching aids or collectors specimens. the peridotite family Under this group are comprised all of those granular igneous rocks composed of ferromagnesian minerals alone, or in which the amount of detectible feldspar is so small as to be entirely negligible as a component, and in which the mineral grains are sufficiently large to be determined. (Klasner, et al., 1979)*. It is one of the main host rocks of talc deposits and platinum metals and formerly was a major source of magnesite. The rock typically forms in volcanic pipes and is forced to the surface from great depths during a volcanic eruption. Worn around the neck or bound to the left arm, it should always be set in … Kimberlite, also called blue ground, a dark-coloured, heavy, often altered and brecciated (fragmented), intrusive igneous rock that contains diamonds in its rock matrix. peridotite (pĕr'ēdō`tīt): see olivineolivine , an iron-magnesium silicate mineral, (Mg,Fe)2SiO4, crystallizing in the orthorhombic system. perigem - Trade name for light yellow synthetic spinel.. Peridotite (Photo: Public Domain) As early as 1889, a State Geologist named John Branner began to suspect that the peridotite nodules found in the area could be diamondiferous. Peridotite is the plutonic rock beneath the Earth's crust located in the upper part of the mantle. With decreasing pressure above the solidus, extent of melting increases. Topaz, chrysoberyl, prehnite, and peridot (olivine) are all considered distinct gem species. It is a common constituent of magnesium-rich, silica-poor igneous rocks; metamorphism of some high magnesium sediments also can form olivine. Harzburgite, an ultramafic, igneous rock, is a variety of peridotite consisting mostly of the two minerals olivine and low-calcium (Ca) pyroxene ; it is named for occurrences in the Harz Mountains of Germany. A peridotite is a dense, coarse-grained igneous rock, consisting mostly of the minerals olivine and pyroxene. This type of igneous rock is named for peridot, the gemstone variety of olivine. Define peridotite. Noun ()A transparent olive-green form of olivine, used as a gem. Peridotite is a generic name used for coarse-grained, dark-colored, ultramafic igneous rocks. Peridotite is the ultimate source of all chromium ore and naturally occurring diamonds, and of nearly all chrysotile asbestos. Peridot Stones Bring Increased Prosperity And Happiness! In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be peridotite.. It has also seen some use as a garden paving stone. It is commonly used in saunas due to certain porpertie. Peridotite Peridotite is a dark-colored, coarse-grained igneous rock believed by many scientists to be the primary rock of the exterior of Earth [1]'s mantle. It is a mica peridotite, and its most abundant mineral constituent is olivine. . Examine The Pressure Temperature (P.T) Diagram For Mantle Peridotite In Figure 27, And Locate Point X This Point Represent 1. peridotite synonyms, peridotite pronunciation, peridotite translation, English dictionary definition of peridotite. Peridot was used in early Egypt as far back as 2,000 B.C.E. Kimberlite, the matrix of the diamonds in the pipe mines, is a peridotite. Peridotite (per-RID-a-tite) is very low in silicon and high in iron and magnesium, a combination called ultramafic. Peridotites usually contain olivine as their primary mineral, frequently with … A peridotite is an ultramafic rock containing more than 40% olivine ( Mg2SiO4 ). These xenoliths often contain crystals of olivine with a color and clarity that is suitable for use as a peridot gemstone. It is noted for its low silica content, and contains very little or no feldspar ( orthoclase, plagioclase).It is a common component of oceanic lithosphere, and is derived from the upper mantle. Supplied in a card tray with label, offered in 3 optional sizes. The T, P and % melting See more. Peridotite sentence examples peridotite Tremolite-schist and anthophyllite-schist are in nearly all cases the representatives of the ultra-basic igneous rocks such as peridotite in regions of high metamorphism. Fields include peridotite, pyroxenite, dunite, lherzolite, harzburgite, wehrlite, olivine-websterite, websterite, orthopyroxenite, clinopyroxenite. Natural peridot is the August birthstone. ..... Click the link for more information. Peridotite. It is frequently used for countertop and flooring materials, gravestones, and exterior and interior wall materials. Peridot has been in use for many thousands of years, and was historically called Olivine.It is an important crystal to use for cellular rejuvenation, and to help the problems associated with (geology) A rock consisting of small crystals of olivine, pyroxene and hornblende; the major constituent of the Earth's mantle. The noun peridotite can be countable or uncountable.. in reference to various types of peridotites or a collection of peridotites. Both the western and eastern peridotite units of the Sarugawa ultramafic massif are composed of harzburgite with small amounts of dunite and minor websterite, orthopyroxenite and chromitite. Iwanaidake and belongs to the western unit peridotite of the Sarugawa ultramafic massif. It commonly contains a few percent chromium-rich spinel as an accessory mineral. Peridotite definition, a coarsely granular igneous rock composed chiefly of olivine with an admixture of various other minerals. A general term for a coarse-grained plutonic rock composed chiefly of olivine with or without other mafic minerals such as pyroxenes, amphiboles, or micas, and containing little or … It has a porphyritic texture, with large, often rounded crystals (phenocrysts) surrounded by a fine-grained matrix (groundmass). ‘Such rocks are important in defining ages for crustal rocks underlying the peridotite.’ ‘The mantle is thought to be made up mostly of peridotite, a type of rock … When different peridotite compositions are compared at a given F, the Al 2 O 3 content of the melt varies monotonically with source Al 2 O 3 and appears not to be strongly affected by the Al 2 O 3 concentration of the peridotite source ; i.e. Pharaohs and leaders, including Cleopatra, heavily used peridot to adorn their robes and goblets, believing that peridot had magical powers. Peridotite (Dunite) Peridotite is a very dense, coarse-grained, olivine-rich, ultra- mafic intrusive rock. However, in more specific contexts, the plural form can also be peridotites e.g. Pyroxenite Composition Pyroxenite composition is contain at least 90 percent pyroxene group minerals, such as as augite, diopside, hypersthene, bronzite or enstatite.Pyroxenite also contain olivine and oxide minerals. The Iwanaidake peridotite is located around the top of Mt. The amount of melting is limited by the heat available since the heat of fusion is large. Olivines (those from Earth, not from outer space) form in the Earth’s mantle. peridotite - A dark-colored rock, composed principally of olivine and pyroxene. Olivine in basalt: Lherzolite (a variety of peridotite) nodules in a xenolith collected from a basalt flow at Peridot Mesa, Arizona. According To The Continental Geothermal Gradient, Rocks Buried 80 Km S A Mass Of Peridotite Buried 80 Km Underground Beneath A Continent Would Normally Be Heated To What Temperature? Due to its amazing appearance it is also known by the euphemism "Evening emerald" (Do remember it is not an emerald. Peridotite, found in Finland, is a dense, coarse grained igneous rock. Peridotite is the general name for the ultrabasic or ultramafic intrusive rocks, dark green to black in color, dense and coarse-grained texture, often as layered igneous complex. Peridot is a gem that is of a yellowish-green color. This term is used by shrewd salesmen to improve their sales pitch!) Peridotite definition is - any of a group of granular igneous rocks composed of ferromagnesian minerals and especially olivine. Peridotite: Mineral information, data and localities. 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