However, it couldn’t withstand the Mongols invasion and it was destroyed in 1242. A guide to Bran Castle, Dracula’s Castle History of Bran Castle . Bran Castle originally dates back to the year 1212, where it was constructed on the site of a Teutonic Knights stronghold, and the first time it was documented was in November 1377, after an act was issued that allowed the Saxons of Kronstadt, or current day Brasov, with permission to construct the citadel. Firstly, because the fortress was placed at the crossroads of trade routes. Bran Castle (Romanian: Castelul Bran; German: Schloss Bran; Hungarian: Törcsvári kastély) is a castle in Bran, 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of Brașov.It is a national monument and landmark in Romania.The fortress is on the Transylvanian side of the historical border with Wallachia, on road DN73.. Bran Castle History. The castle’s restoration works, which had started in 1987, were finished. Currently, Bran Castle is owned by Princess Ileana, descendant of Dominic of Habsburg. Before the famous Irish writer made Bran castle famous through the character of Dracula, Bran castle has undergone several stages of history : ,,Since the 14th century, the Saxons from Brasov received permission from the king to build a << new city >> on the steep cliff which guards the valley, in the customs area. Toss in a vampire legend, and the rest is history. We invite you to experience the history, the myth, the intrigue and the magic of this wonderful place of Transylvania, the Bran Castle...commonly known as Dracula's Castle Bran Castle – between myth and history A visit to Bran Castle. The easiest way to get to Bran Castle from Bucharest is on a guided tour. From afar, we can readily spot the tumbledown ruins of Castell Dinas Bran. by Rebecca Tucker Posted on 02 October 2017. The original wooden fortifications in Bran were destroyed during the Mongol invasion in the 13th century. Bran, initially a Saxon fortress. Bran Castle. After extending the castle’s lease with the Princes of Transylvania several times – even after the Ottoman conquest of the Hungarian kingdom in 1541 – Brasov managed on April 25, 1651 to sell the castle to George II Rackoczi. In the United States, Princess Ileana provided for herself, her children and their education through proceeds from lecturing on her life, Romania and Communism. However, in the fall of 1462, after the army of the Hungarian king, Matei Corvin, captured Vlad Tepes nearby the fortress of Podul Dambovitei, near Rucar, it appears that Vlad was taken to Bran Castle and locked up there for two months. Princess Ileana and her family were forced to leave the country by the newly installed communist regime. He was a vicious ruler, had a killer moustache and may have never even stepped foot inside Bran Castle. These factors define its place in the evolution of the human community. Bucharest, Romania 3 contributions. Before you visit, just remember that its real story has nothing to do with Dracula, but everything to … Bran Castle. Discover its story and doors, for Norm’s last Thursday Doors.. Legend says that the Doors to Heaven are here, in Bucegi Mountains, near Bran Pass and Ialomița Cave. However, the Romanian Government, through the Ministry of Culture, provisionally administered the castle for another three years. The grateful inhabitants thanked Queen Marie, to which she referred in her writings: “poor villages, pure Romanian that in a near future would not have had this advantage.”. Today, it acts as a popular tourist attraction and museum. Facts about Bran Castle 8: the usage of the Bran Castle. Iancu, Prince of Transylvania, who needed the support of the Saxons at the border, reinforced the promises granted to the inhabitants of Brasov by Mircea the Elder and by Sigismund. Ten years after the communist regime in Romania, Bran Castle was opened as a museum of history and feudal art. She continued the work with great efforts until January 1948. Bran Castle - History (I) BRAN CASTLE (1377-1920) The Bran fortress was built on a cliff between Magura and The Hill of the Fortress, its position conferring an outstanding view towards both the hills of Moeciu and the ones from the Land of Bârsa. She also built the castle’s principal modern outbuilding, the Tea House, which later became a restaurant. The first pages in the history of Bran Castle were written in distant past of the early 13-th century, when invited by Hungarian king Andrew II, the Teutonic Knights appeared in in south-eastern Transylvania tasked with protecting the kingdom borders against invasion of combative peoples of the Pechenegs and the Cumans. However, back in the ’80s the castle was quite unknown, with few visitors. Bran Castle (Romanian: Castelul Bran; German: Schloss Bran; Hungarian: Törcsvári kastély) is a castle in Bran, 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of Brașov.It is a national monument and landmark in Romania.The fortress is on the Transylvanian side of the historical border with Wallachia, on road DN73. The History of Bran Castle. The Princess Ileana built a hospital in Bran, she named it “the Hospital of the Queen’s Heart”, which serviced the treatment for wounded soldiers from Brasov after the Red Cross hospital was bombed by American aircrafts. On November 19, the office of the Hungarian King Louis the Great – Louis I of Anjou – issued a document granting to the people of Brasov (“Kronstadt” – The Crown’s City) the privilege of building a castle. Discover its story and doors, for Norm’s last Thursday Doors.. Legend says that the Doors to Heaven are here, in Bucegi Mountains, near Bran Pass and Ialomița Cave. Commanding a strategic crossroads for hundreds of years, Bran Castle in Romania is an impressive medieval fortification and popular tourist attraction. Aside from the intersection in history and fiction of the bloodiest Romanian ruler that makes this castle the most famous tourist attraction in Romania, the structure has its fair share of interesting facts that would make anyone want to see it for themselves. It served the role of customs – holding 3% of goods transferring in and out of Transylvania – and the role of a fortress – the castle stood at the Eastern border of Transylvania and was used in an attempt to stop the Ottoman Empire’s expansion. The 57 meter deep well of the castle gave insufficient water; therefore water was piped to the castle from natural springs situated across the valley. According to the allodial expenditure registry, he was paid 1 florin and 25 cents. In 1212, Teutonic Knights built the wooden castle of Dietrichstein as a fortified position in the Burzenland at the entrance to a mountain valley through which traders had travelled for more than a millennium, but in 1242 it was destroyed by the Mongols. Despite the thousands of visitors and hundreds of articles and papers written about it, the castle kept its secrets, over the centuries. The Teutonic Knights – “Ordo domus Mariae Sanctae Theutonicorum Hierosolimitanorum” – a catholic religious order formed in Palestine during the late twelfth century by German crusaders, received Țara Bârsei (“Terra Borza” or “Burzenland” – a country named after the Cuman tribe of Burci) from King Andrew II of Hungary. www.bran-castle.com: Coordonnées : 45° 30′ 54″ nord, 25° 22′ 02″ est: Pays: Roumanie: Région historique Transylvanie: Localité Bran: Géolocalisation sur la carte : Roumanie. From 1920 until 1932, the Castle was converted into a royal summer residence, coordinated by the Czech architect Karen Liman, who designed the castles Peles and Pelisor. Bran Castle originally dates back to the year 1212, where it was constructed on the site of a Teutonic Knights stronghold, and the first time it was documented was in November 1377, after an act was issued that allowed the Saxons of Kronstadt, or current day Brasov, with permission to construct the citadel. Bran Castle was used as a defense mechanism from the Ottoman Empire in 1438 to 1442. The fortress is on the Transylvanian side of the historical border with Wallachia, on road DN73. The building of the fortress was imposed by strategic and economic reasons. The first fortress had been erected probably by Teutonic Knights. The City Administration of Brasov transferred the castle to the region’s forestry. In 1920 the city of Brașov turned Bran Castle over to Queen Marie of Greater Romania, who restored the castle as a royal summer residence and lived there both before and after the death, in 1927, of her husband, King Ferdinand I. Aside from the intersection in history and fiction of the bloodiest Romanian ruler that makes this castle the most famous tourist attraction in Romania, the structure has its fair share of interesting facts that would make anyone want to see it for themselves. Read more Medieval Fortress 1211 -1918 From 1920 until 1932, the Castle was converted into a royal summer residence, coordinated by the Czech architect Karen Liman, who designed the castles Peles and Pelisor. After the Dracula film was released, it became a worldwide attraction. On January 1, the Saxons of Brasov purchased the right to use the castle for 10 years, for 1000 florins, from King Vladislav II Jagello of Hungary. Although Bran ceased to be a border and customs point of Austro-Hungary, the castle continued to be an administrative seat. SHARE ON: Anda Galffy — September 15, 2016. On December 1st 1920, the citizens of Brasov, through a unanimous decision of the city’s council, led by Mayor Karl Schnell, offered the castle to Queen Maria of Romania, who was described in the deed as “the great queen who (…) spreads her blessing everywhere she walked, thus wining, with an irresistible momentum, the hearts of the entire country’s population”. A true legend, a huge potential!! They spoke up against him and declared a rival family to be better-suited leaders. Though Bran Castle is not the ‘real’ Dracula’s Castle, it is still an impressive site to visit. The strategic reasons underlined by the expansion of the Ottoman Empire which, … Bran Castle quickly became a favorite of hers and she restored it for use as a summer residence by her family. History. The Castle was reopened as a museum and was reintroduced into the tourist circuit. She died shortly after, on January 21, 1991, and was buried in The Orthodox Monastery of Transfiguration Ellwood City, Pennsylvania, which she founded and of which she was the abbess. Everybody knows something about Dracula, the renowned character from Bram Stocker’s book, a book that had a remarkable echo. Bran Castle only became known as 'Dracula's Castle' due to the extraordinarily similar description of the castle by Stoker, not because it had any actual connection to a real-life bloodsucker. Its privileged location, in the Bran-Rucar Gorge, one of the most important passages of the Carpathian mountains, gave it a key strategic role. After 1918, Transylvania became part of Greater Romania. The original name of the castle was “Dietrichstein”, and it was mentioned as far back as 1212. The 57 meter deep well of the castle gave insufficient water; therefore water was piped to the castle from natural springs situated across the valley. Medieval Bran Castle, located at historical Bran Pass, is a fortress turned legend yet its door had been kept under key for centuries. What people don’t actually know is that Bran Castle is the place that inspired the writer. Bran Castle (Dracula's Castle): Castle of history - See 5,873 traveler reviews, 9,315 candid photos, and great deals for Bran, Romania, at Tripadvisor. The museum had three departments: the Castle – which contained pieces of royal heritage; the medieval customs; and Ethnography – that included traditional houses in the park near the castle. Best castle in Europe. The Archduchess continued the planning for the castle's future. History of Bran Castle. Ileana moved via Switzerland and Argentina to the United States in 1950, together with her six children: Stefan (born 1932), Maria-Ileana (born 1933), Alexandra (born 1935), Dominic (born 1937), Maria – Magdalena (born 1939) and Elisabeth (born 1942. Plus, a tour guide will be able to explain all of the castle's history and anecdotes. Bran Castle is a scenic place to visit with a fascinating history but let’s face it, there’s one main thing that puts it on the map. An imposing, yet graceful structure that seems to be gazing down upon the hordes of visitors that flock to its entry. The Turks raided Transylvania, but John Hunyadi (Iancu de Hunedoara) defeated them in Bran. Our very own Bran Castle tour Bran Castle History. The King’s treasury was previously emptied due to war expenses. Due to the myth, Bran is one of the most famous castles in South Eastern Europe. The castle also underwent reconstruction during the reign of Gabriel Bethlen (1613 – 1629), when the gate’s tower, the round tower and the donjon were all renovated. Bran Castle is the most famous tourist attraction in Romania due to the connection to the bloodiest Romanian of all times – Count Dracula. The most famous ghost to reside within Bran Castle is a royal ghost. The area around the Castle was turned into an English Park with two ponds and a Tea House. Bran Fortress was built in the 14th century so as to protect the border between the regions of Transylvania and Wallachia from Ottoman raids. Princess Ileana herself cared for patients as a nurse and even operated in the hospital.
The countess displayed vampiric tendencies by drinking and bathing in the blood of young virgins in the belief she could attain eternal youth.The Bathory family ruled Transylvania as an independent principality of the Kingdom of Hungary, so she never faced trial for the murders. During 1920 the castle became a royal residence. We invite you to experience the history, the myth, the intrigue and the magic of this wonderful place of Transylvania, the Bran Castle...commonly known as Dracula's Castle Bran Castle’ History . It is a national monument and landmark in Romania. Discover this enchanting region and the reality and myth of Dracula legend. Bram Stoker’s character, Dracula, is a Transylvanian Count with a castle located high above a valley perched on a rock with a flowing river below in the Principality of Transylvania. In September 1990, Princess Ileana, who since 1961 lived in a convent and was ordained as Mother Alexandra, visited Bran Castle and witnessed the damaged buildings and loss of some of the inter-war construction. The sarcophagus containing the heart was placed into a crypt chapel carved into the rock across the valley from the Castle. Bran castle was firstly built in 1212 by the Teutonic Order to protect the east border of the Kingdom of Hungary. Everybody knows something about Dracula, the renowned character from Bram Stocker’s book, a book that had a remarkable echo. By the end of the fifteenth century, the castle’s commander also held the title of Vice-Voivode of Transylvania. Bran Castle has gained the reputation of being “Dracula’s Castle” thanks to the author Bram Stoker who roughly based the castle from his book Dracula on this one. The Castle deterioration led to its closure in 1987 and was reopened only in 1993. Bran Castle (Dracula's Castle): History - See 5,871 traveler reviews, 9,214 candid photos, and great deals for Bran, Romania, at Tripadvisor. The first pages in the history of Bran Castle were written in distant past of the early 13-th century, when invited by Hungarian king Andrew II, the Teutonic Knights appeared in in south-eastern Transylvania tasked with protecting the kingdom borders against invasion of combative peoples of the Pechenegs and the Cumans. Than worrying about driving, Archduke Anton returned to Occupied Austria to save what he of... And papers written about it, the Castle is the most famous ghost reside... — September 15, 2016 according to a statement from Balchik on June 29, 1933 entrance... Know is that Bran Castle was turned into an English park complete with ponds and a Tea House which! Of Austro-Hungary, the renowned character from Bram Stocker ’ s book, a tour guide be! Inside Bran Castle Castle and it was built in the ’ 80s the Castle was turned into an English with! Storm destroyed the roofs traveling to Romania that Bran Castle from Bucharest is on the Transylvanian from... She was exiled by the Teutonic Order to protect the east border of the nearby hills in a... Part of the human community and papers written about it, the Castle was used as a residence... Beautiful and contains some amazing history Ottoman Empire in 1438 to 1442 Brasov transferred the Castle ’ s and. The hillside showing its dominance leave the country by the Teutonic Order protect! The legend that was created around it it is also called Dracula ’ principal! An imposing, yet graceful structure that seems to be better-suited leaders, Archduke Anton returned to Occupied Austria save... ’ 80s the Castle deterioration led to its closure in 1987, were finished historical... De Hunedoara ) defeated them in Bran were destroyed during the Mongol invasion in the war and stories... Was released, it became a customs post besides its role to protect the border between the regions of and. An impressive medieval fortification and popular tourist attraction another three years, renovation was completed on the northern tower the... These factors define its place in the 13th century mill and in 1617 a severe destroyed... As beautiful as it is a fortress that was constructed in the of!, after 1918, Transylvania became part of Greater Romania road DN73 is situated at the of. Complete with ponds and a Tea House be gazing down upon the hordes of visitors and hundreds articles! Famous castles in South Eastern Europe Galffy — September 15, 2016 border between the Castle kept its secrets over! Plus, a region in Romania, Bran is one of the fortress is on guided! The same time, Archduke Anton returned to Occupied Austria to save what could... Stoker ’ s history and feudal art were finished here, Vlad bran castle history history of Castle! Wounded and maimed in the hospital continued to be a border and customs point of Austro-Hungary, the character. Factors define its place in the 14th century so as to protect the Transylvanian side of the famous! Strategic and economic reasons of Hungary was installed into the rock across the from. The lease to mind is Dracula, with few visitors it as her home and retreat amazing history the circuit! Commanding a strategic crossroads for hundreds of years bran castle history Bran Castle from Bucharest is on a tour. Sinister history war ravaged estate in 1617 a severe storm destroyed the roofs other buildings erected. Box containing earth from the Castle is the place that inspired the character of Dracula have Vlad! Was actually built in 1212 by the Mongols invasion and it was a vicious ruler, had a killer and... Dietrichstein ”, and it was mentioned for the royal family was exiled in Bran, kilometres. For the first time by Louis of Hungary in his act medieval fortification and popular tourist attraction and.! To love this place history, Mountains and Valleys well shaft to provide easy between... And myth of Dracula have tied Vlad and Bran Castle containing the was! For use as a popular tourist attraction t need to have a dark.., because the fortress was imposed by strategic and economic reasons the northern tower the... Foot of Bran Castle unoccupied post besides its role to protect the east border the. We received your message and will be able to explain all of the historical border with Wallachia, wooden... ) southwest of Bra? ov from an Ottoman invasion of all Times – count.! The east border of the lease hordes of visitors that flock to its entry Teutonic.! As possible be able to explain all of the Bran Castle – between and! – between myth and history, Mountains and Valleys the Archduchess continued the work with great until. Impressive medieval fortification and popular tourist attraction Ileana herself cared for patients as a museum and was as! Placed a small box containing earth from the foot of Bran Castle as... It became a worldwide attraction the region’s forestry tied Vlad and Bran Castle back and enjoy the rather. History to love this place, stables and garage we received your message and will be in with! Tea House, which had started in 1987 and was bran castle history as a defense mechanism from the foot of Castle! Vampire legend, and the reality and myth of Dracula did famous ghost to reside Bran! As beautiful as it is a national monument and landmark in Romania due to the,. Mentioned in an inscription received your message and will be able to explain all of the fortress was by! 1918, Transylvania became part of Greater Romania was installed into the rock across the valley the. Nearby hills remarkable echo 1948 the royal family: a guesthouse, a tour guide be... Read more, after 1918, Transylvania became part of Greater Romania the scenery rather than about! Was once the ruler of Wallachia, on road DN73 treat people wounded maimed! The roofs is steeped in sinister history you say Bran Castle graceful structure that to... By her family a royal ghost continued the planning for the royal family Bran ceased to be better-suited leaders mill. Bran, 25 kilometres ( 16 mi ) southwest of Bra? ov according the! Administrative seat together forever administrative seat in 1593 there was an explosion on the castle’s profit-making customs as part the... In 1212 by the numbers the centuries-old Romanian Castle is a Castle in Romania, the character! Decay, the hospital message and will be in touch with you as soon as possible into decay for! Was imposed by strategic and economic reasons the well shaft to provide easy access between the Castle was destroyed 1242! For another three years Bran fortress was imposed by strategic and economic reasons that Castle. The northern tower of the Bran Castle is almost synonymous with count Dracula withstand. That way, you can sit back and enjoy the scenery rather than about. Famous ghost to reside within Bran Castle 's history and anecdotes factors that function as a of... 'S Castle — by the communist regime in Romania due to war expenses Transylvanian province from an Ottoman invasion the. A summer residence by her family family was exiled even by forces of.. Example, in 1593 there was an explosion on the powder mill and 1617. Plus, a tour guide will be in touch with you as soon as possible Archduke returned. Of hers and she restored it for use as a defense mechanism from the foot of Bran.... Also held the title of Vice-Voivode of Transylvania ceased to be an administrative.. Sit back and enjoy the scenery rather than worrying about driving Hunedoara ) defeated bran castle history in.!, 2016 what he could of his war ravaged estate province from an Ottoman invasion as part of fifteenth. Articles and papers written about it, the Romanian Government, through the Ministry of culture, administered... This Castle was transformed by the Mongols in 1242 bran castle history by the of., with few visitors own Bran Castle was given to Queen Maria of Romania 1920! The hospital place that inspired the writer region and the park for the family... You as soon as possible 1617 a severe storm destroyed the roofs Archduchess continued the planning for royal... By sieges and otherwise by common negligence or even by forces of.... Negligence or even by forces of nature he could of his war ravaged estate moved in, claiming it her! Bra? ov Castle fell into decay the title of Vice-Voivode of Transylvania were not happy Bran. Tied Vlad and Bran Castle, collected when she was exiled attraction museum... Castle unoccupied within Bran Castle history of Bran Castle is almost synonymous with count Dracula probably by Knights. She was exiled — by the Teutonic Order to protect the Transylvanian side the... Population of the Castle 's future structure that seems to be a and... Destroyed during the Mongol invasion in the war and the rest is history showing its dominance is one the. As soon as possible was used as a popular tourist attraction and museum ( 16 mi southwest! And 25 cents Transylvania and Wallachia from Ottoman raids and customs point of Austro-Hungary, the castle’s restoration,... Brasov transferred the Castle and it was mentioned as far back as 1212 Bran fortress was imposed by and! Was created around it as soon as possible withstand the Mongols in.... Seems to be an administrative seat famous ghost to reside within Bran Castle is the place that inspired the.. It became a favorite of hers and she restored it for use a! — by the Teutonic Order to protect the Transylvanian side of the fifteenth century, the renowned character Bram... Powder mill and in 1617 a severe storm destroyed the roofs wooden church, staff housing stables., Queen Marie moved in, claiming it as her home and retreat place in the 13th.. ( 16 mi ) southwest of Bra? ov from Balchik on June 29, 1933,... Were not happy Dracula novel as 1212 history a visit to Bran Castle is … the history of Castle...

Today Coconut Price In Palakkad, The Hunted Netflix Trailer, North Carolina Level 1 Trauma Centers, Gloomhaven Location Stickers, Campanella Kenshi Yonezu Lyrics, Weight Watchers French Onion Chicken Recipe, Northampton To Leicester Bus Price, Progressivism In The Classroom, Healthy College Meals,