Che Rogers from Los Angeles, CA on August 23, 2014: I appreciate you taking the time to write a hub like this. America’s Religions. 207-214, Raboteau, Albert. For many, Christianity is an answer for all their queries. (Bacon 209-210). After the civil war, slavery was abolished, but there was still oppression and segregation of blacks. There are thousands of religions and denominations in this world. For them to lose their identity and their ancient history which much of the world's religions stem from has caused so much confusion within African American history. Marvin Parke from Jamaica on March 08, 2012: To get information about African culture requires intensive research, this information is not taught in school. They developed their own churches, unsupervised by the white, and were able organize, plan, and establish slave escape routes and collective revolutions. Surprisingly, according to history texts, the African American slaves resisted very little to conversion to Christianity. Many were told that it was their duty to be a slave and that if they complied, they would be granted the rite of passage into heaven. Focusing on the positive aspects of this new religion, groups and gatherings of black people began to form to share a new set of collective goals and beliefs. 1. Great hub. My article is a short synopsis of a very issue which was written from the point of view of the 4 references that I cited. The history of religion has always intrigued me however I haven't had the time to really get deep into the heart of the issues. Separated from everyone and everything they ever knew, and in the face of fear and adversity, they found Christianity. Traditional African cultural practices paved the way for foreign way of doing things as Africans became fully ‘westernised’. doi:10.4102/ ve.v32i1.285 Note: This paper was originally presented at the World Reform Fellowship Conference, Krugersdorp (Agterberg Center), South Africa, 23–25 September 2008. With Africa subjugated and dominated, the Western culture and European mode of civilisation began to thrive and outgrow African cultural heritage. Look forward to reading more of your hubs. The traditional religions and worldviews do not have creeds, they do not have to be learnt, but caught, passed on and lived. The long term affects of Christianity have had a negative effect because it was africa from whence Christianity got its origin. The adaptation of Christianity to the African American people made for an almost completely different religion. The long term affects of Christianity have had a negative effect because it was africa from whence Christianity got its origin. From my experience there is a lot of voodoo in it, therefore it is not real Christianity. Ethiopia and egypt are the two most talked about countries in the bible. It brought the people together again, allowing them to fight for true justice. Moreover, a slave at this time needed to have his master’s permission to be baptized. This succession of Patriarchs has remained unbroken down to the present day, making the Egyptian Christian, or Coptic, Church one of the oldest Christian churches in existence. Christianity points fingers to the beliefs of the Igbo culture. Marvin Parke from Jamaica on March 09, 2012: Jamaicans do not practice voodoo, that is what is shown on TV. The first is that the context of this article is sub-Sahara Africa. Conflict is a universal phenomenon that is inevitable in human interaction. While ATR has been often seen in negative terms, especially by early missionaries, later studies have demonstrated that ATR is not really what these outside observers earlier on assumed. Christianity was in North Africa with its Kingdoms long before the White man ever arrived and long before the slave trade. But it also prolonged the slave experience for many African Americans, and attempted to hold control over their lives. Christianity was something that the white men did. The slaves were utilizing a religion that was once only a white man’s religion to foster a community with a sense of hope and optimism. Furthermore, gender relations within the religious and cultural communities are a reflection of gender relations within broader society. Bacon gave three reasons why slavery was just: 1) God made men and [the slaves], and he made them to serve him. The Nature of Christian Values Christian values, unlike natural human values have a different source and reference point, “African Traditional Religion” (ATR) is the term used for the indigenous religious traditions of Africa. He used his interpretation of Christian beliefs to justify slavery. Religion and culture as powerful institutions within society play a major role in shaping gender roles and perpetuating gender inequality and are powerful institutions within society. This was evident in the 1831 slave rebellion lead by Nat Turner. precipitous decline of traditional cultural pursuits in the colonies. Before the arrival of Christianity, Islam and the other foreign religions, people were afraid to take other people's wives. With his sermon, he sought to Christianize, justify, and mesmerize the slaves. Communities were more capable of rebellion than a single individual. These are the societies whose religion reveal have a number of the basic features of all religions (Burnett 1995:57). ... African Traditional Religion in Biblical Perspective, p. 78. Your efforts are noteworthy but limited in perspective as it relates to the African slave religion. Slaves were not to be secretive about anything and were supposed remember that God is always watching. Africa's influential university departments of religion have usually approached the theme in terms of establishing correlations between Christianity and Africa's traditional religions. It definitely provokes thought. This is a pervasive religious worldview with a dominant and powerful influence on man in traditional Africa. For them to lose their identity and their ancient history which much of the world's religions stem from has caused so much confusion within African American history. Just as the slave-traders captured Africans and brought them to the Americas, Bacon’s Sermons captured and converted many slaves to Christianity. Although the majority of Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. 2) Duty and behavior toward the slave masters and mistresses. 2) You [slaves] have souls that need to be saved. Slaves who were more docile and gullible would not be able free themselves from slavery; thus, it was a bad thing for them. TRADITIONAL RELIGIOUS BELIEFS, PRACTICES AND IMPACTS OF CHRISTIANITY AMONG THE NYISHISI. However, in the end, Christianity had more of a positive impact on their culture; it first helped them deal with the horrors of a life of slavery, then provided an impetus to imagine and organize freedom, and finally it provided a basis for them to work towards the civil rights movement. Eds. #285, 10 pages. The African traditional religion or voodoo has helped us a lot especially in shaping our moral standards and giving us a sense of identity. Bacon stated that there were four main duties that the slaves must adhere to: 1) Duty and Behavior toward God. Abstract: The inception, evangelization and missionary activities of Christianity and Islam in The initiation of a Christian driven slave trade was a very detrimental blow to African culture; thus having a negative effect on the development of African Americans. When the European settlers discovered the communities in Africa, they saw opportunities for advancement of their society. between African traditional religion and the Christian faith. I checked out your profile so I can see that this subject is of utmost concern to you. People were afraid to cheat on other people. Pg. Traditional African approaches in the light of natural values, and of modern secular attitude If we are going to speak of traditional African concepts and customs regarding marriage and the family, a few clarifications are called for. These hidden societies, always held in secret, became known as the ‘invisible institution.’ When slaves got a chance, sometimes at night after working in the fields all day, they gathered around a fire to discuss Christian teachings. Which means that the slaves were supposed to look to God as the master of masters. At some times travelling to Africa is necessary to gain insight. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978. The Effects of Witchcraft and Sorcery Nearly all over Africa, death from natural cause does not exist. As it can be seen though, Christianity had more of an overall positive effect on the lives of African Americans than it did negative. Christianity captured their hearts and literally saved their souls. Your article fails to recognize that Christianity was NEVER the white man's religion. As black Christian communities grew in size and strength, rebellions became more common. Even though in the beginning it wasn’t acceptable for Negroes to be Christian, slave drivers made great efforts to eliminate the African culture. Yeshua was said to have come from the tribe of judah who all married cannanite women (descendants of ham) more evidence of an African messiah. Oxford University Press, 1998. I believe that with the advent of Christianity in parts of Africa, there has been a huge change is the amount of superstition. Ask Queenmother from Atlanta, GA on June 24, 2015: Your article is interesting yet it does not accurately interpret the great impact of the African Spiritual Traditions on the foundation of African American Christianity. Most African Americans at the time did not have the ability to read; in fact, it was illegal to teach a slave to read. The whites’ Christianity said that slavery was just and that it was the slaves’ duty to be a slave. The Church in Africa has expressed the need to liberate Christianity from Western dominance, in its teaching, in structures and power base and in developing forms of worship and communication which are appropriate to Africans, and enable them to make the gospel message their own. Moses was born in egypt (africa). You seem to have a good spirit which also allows different points of views to be shared without condemnation. Introduction Complex systems of beliefs in the spiritual qualities of nature and at the sametime the conception of a Supreme Being are the two significant traits whichcharacterises the traditional religion of Nyishi people. (Turner 1994a:129). Since 2013, traditional African religions are declared as the majority religion only in Togo. Society has given the impression that some of the slaves that were stolen from Africa were not already CHRISTIANS, Jews or any other ancient spiritual movements. Not the one modern day christians will lead you to believe who looks blonde hair and blue eyes. The African Americans were forced to leave behind their traditions, religions, and culture. Every aspect of it cannot be described as original. The White Slave owner gave a "basterized" version of the scriptures and called it truth. Christianity was embraced and spread rapidly in Africa because of factors inherent in its culture, such as African religiosity and the sense of being celebratory of life, which both go with communal existence. The African Americans were forcibly and involuntarily brought to America to work as slaves under a new authority. Pg. Missiologists have worked more broadly on a correlation of Christianity with African culture as a whole, speaking in terms of an ethnotheology. New York. “The Invisible Institution.” Slave Religion. The beliefs and practices of the traditional religions in Africa can enrich Christian theology and spirituality." Asalways, I appreciate the comments and alternative perspective. I have a lot of experience with Africans in this community where I live now and the Jamacans that come to work on the farms when living back home. 23-28, 216-219, 322-328. I do understand where you are coming from regarding it being used as a tool to up rise but I believe they wanted to uprise regardless of what religion was taught to them. Changed the names and concepts around from african teachings and called it christianity. ‘Christianity and the African traditional religion(s): The postcolonial round of engagement’, Verbum et Ecclesia 32(1), Art. It was a tool that they used to justify slavery. Oh yes...rasta1 we don't call it voodoo,its called sangoma,we have a few African /cultural religious believes, I'm African.. and the Christian religion was used to enslave my fore fathers, Well I'm an atheist by choice and a chemist by trade (getting my doctrine in chemical engineering soon)good hub, great read but Christianity definitely outdated just like Thor /Neptune... hope the world catches up so we can realize together is the only way forward! Bacon also spent time talking about slaves’ behavior towards God, Mankind, and themselves. Many of the early missionaries had a goal to create a more docile and obedient slave by feeding them select bits and pieces of Christian scripture. “Their knowledge of the Bible and Christian tradition was acquired entirely from hearing it preached.” (Williams 217). It wasn’t until the Great Awakening of the 1740’s that we saw appreciable mass conversion of black American’s. 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