[5] Louis XV, who suffered from restlessness and needed to be entertained, eventually became more inclined to listen when Marie was unfavorably compared to other women, and Cardinal Fleury, who wished to prevent Marie from eventually getting any influence over the king, favored the idea of the king taking a mistress as long as she was apolitical. [4] Cardinal de Fleury, who had been Louis's tutor, was appointed her grand almoner. On 4 September 1725, she married Louis XV of France. After his death, Marie started to move up in the wife rankings. His uncle, the future. Marie played some part as a cultural patron. Furthermore, despite her surname being difficult to spell or to pronounce for the French, it was still commonly used by commoners. In 1747, Voltaire was banished from the royal court through her influence. Posts about Marie Leszczyńska written by liamfoley63. Death. [4] The cavalry regiment provided by the Regent for the protection of the family included the officer Marquis de Courtanvaux, who fell in love with Marie and asked the Regent to be created a duke in order to ask for her hand; but when the Regent refused, the marriage became impossible because of his lack of rank. [4] Though she had simple habits - her apartments at Versailles were not redecorated after 1737 - her favorite game, cavagnole, often placed her in debt, and the King was normally unwilling to pay these off for her. Marie Leszczyńska, in full Marie-Catherine Leszczyńska, Polish Maria Karolina Leszczyńska, (born June 23, 1703, Breslau, Silesia—died June 24, 1768, Versailles, France), queen consort of King Louis XV of France (ruled 1715–74). She functioned as an example of Catholic piety and was famed for her generosity to the poor and needy through her philanthropy, which made her very popular among the public her entire life as queen.[4]. [4], Marie was given an allowance of 100.000 livres for pleasure, charity and gambling, a sum which was in reality often irregularly paid and also insufficient, as she was often in debt. Marie Leszczyńska, Queen consort of France and Navarre ca. This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; other spellings are also used in English and French. As a devout Catholic, queen Marie gave her passive support to the so-called Dévots party at court, supported the bishops in their conflicts with the Parliament of Paris, and expressed sympathy for the Jesuit order in their conflict with the crown. [4] However, when the list of 17 (including Barbara of Portugal, Princess Charlotte Amalie of Denmark, Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine and Enrichetta d'Este) was further reduced to four, the preferred choices presented numerous problems. She was not the first choice on the list. Stillborn Child (28 March 1735 – 28 March 1735). Once she befriended Bourbon, her path to being Louis’s wife became easier. This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; other spellings are also used in English and French. [4] It was also a fact, that if the king should die before his son was an adult, then she would in accordance with custom have become regent of France until his 13th birthday, which made Marie a potential regent from the birth of the dauphin until his 13th-birthday,[4] a fact which would have been well known at court. Marie Leszczynsaka, Queen Consort of France for nearly 45 years was truly a people's queen. [4] Queen Marie accepted the advice and followed it for the rest of her life, as she was never again involved in any political activity. Cardinal Fleury easily prevented the British match because of religious reasons. Her other favorite lady in waiting was her Dame d'atour, Françoise de Mazarin, who supported Marie during the affair between her cousin, Louise Julie de Mailly, and the king. [6], Queen Marie eventually did manage to win the respect of the court nobility by her strict adherence to court etiquette, which made her opinion at least formally important. [5], Marie was not described as a beauty; instead her characteristics in the marriage market were stated as those of being pleasant, well-educated, and graceful in manner and movement. Marie was twenty-two years old and Louis fifteen. Tags. The announcement of the wedding was not received well at the royal court. The nobility and the court looked upon the future queen as an upstart intruder, the ministers as a cause to diplomatic trouble with Spain and Russia, whose princesses had been refused in favor of Marie, and the general public was also reportedly initially dissatisfied with the fact that France would gain "from this marriage neither glory nor honor, riches nor alliances. [4] Like her mother, Marie maintained a political correspondence with Margareta Gyllenstierna, the spouse of Arvid Horn, after she had made her acquaintance during her stay in Sweden. Marie Leszczyńska was truly a people's queen. Wahlström & Widstrand (1947), Clarissa Campbell Orr: Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. The king was reportedly delighted, stating that after it had been said that he could not be a father, he had suddenly become the father of two. These lands were parallel to the confiscated Polish properties of Stanislaus. In 1718, with the support of the Duke of Lorraine, the family was allowed to settle in Wissembourg in the province of Alsace, which had been annexed by France, a place suggested by Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, a nephew of Louis XIV and Regent of the Kingdom of France during Louis XV's minority. In the end, the 21-year-old Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of Stanisław I, the deposed king of Poland, was finally chosen. Maria was on a list of 99 eligible European princesses to mairy the young king. Upon her marriage, Maria's Polish name was modified into French as Marie. A Psychobiographic Inquiry (2010), Louis had no children; he died aged 10 in 1795. Although few traces of her 42 years at the Palace remain—most were wiped out as a result of the changes wrought by Marie-Antoinette—the wife of King Louis XV nevertheless made her mark through the art she commissioned and the private chambers she created. Louis XV had been very impatient to marry her, was reportedly flattered to have a twenty two-year old wife at his age, and refused to allow any criticism of her appearance. Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen o Fraunce as wife o Louis XV. Cardinal Fleury, however, was much more displeased, and decided that until the queen had given birth to a son, she would not be allowed to accompany the king on his trips but stay at Versailles. [4] On their instruction, the queen called on the king to come to her chambers, where the Duke de Bourbon was present. Maria Leszczyńska, Queen of France. Louis XV was already engaged, to Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain, who had been brought to France as his future queen some years earlier and was referred to as the Infanta-Queen. However the Infanta was still a child, and could not be expected to conceive for several years; while Louis XV, being fifteen, had already hit puberty. Marie Leszczyńska died on 24 June 1768 at the age of 65. The 6 May 1725, Marie was forced to undergo a medical examination, which ruled out epilepsy and also gave reassuring reports about her menstruation and ability to procreate. In France, she was referred to as Marie Leczinska. After the difficult birth of Princess Louise in 1737, which nearly took her life, Marie was advised by the doctors that another pregnancy may end her life, and from 1738, she refused Louis entrance to her bedroom. Posted by liamfoley63 in Featured Monarch, Kingdom of Europe, Royal Genealogy, Royal Succession, Royal Titles, royal wedding ≈ Leave a comment. [4] Her political activity after 1726 was limited to asking Louis XV to grant a pension or a promotion to a friend, and she often used Cardinal Fleury as a mediator to achieve this.[4]. [4] In 1720, she was suggested as a bride to Louis Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, (who preferred being and was known as the Duke of Bourbon, rather than Prince of Condé) but her intended mother-in-law Louise Françoise de Bourbon refused to give her consent. Marie was a devout Roman Catholic. [4] This incident led to Cardinal Fleury categorizing queen Marie as his opponent, and his decision to oust the ministry of the Duke of Bourbon. Born Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska h. Wieniawa, she was the second daughter of Stanisław Leszczyński and his wife Katarzyna Opalińska. [4] In contrast to the other official mistresses, Marie had a moderately friendly and cordial relationship to Madame de Pompadour, who always treated the Queen with deference and respect, though Marie did (unsuccessfully) oppose Pompadour's appointment as a lady-in-waiting in 1756. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska (Polish: [ˈmarja lɛʂˈtʂɨj̃ska]; 23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768), also known as Marie Leczinska (French: [maʁi lɛɡzɛ̃ska]), was a Polish princess and Queen consort of France from 1725 until 1768 by marriage to Louis XV. Background. Part II. Queen Marie never managed to develop political influence. [3] During this period in her life, Marie began speaking Swedish, with a Scanian accent. Queen Marie maintained the role and reputation of a simple and dignified Catholic queen. A fan depicting the marriage of Marie Leszczyńska and Louis XV on 5th September 1725 I have always liked a good wedding, especially one that goes on for days and involves a palace! This led to a crisis, when the king gave Bourbon the choice to either expel Madame de Prie and Paris de Verney or be removed from his post of prime minister. Her lack of dynastic status and lack of connections left her without a political power base, and she did not manage to acquire any personal or political influence. Marie's father Stanislaus had been a monarch for only a short time and she was thought to be a poor choice of inferior status not worthy of being queen of France. Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of the deposed King of Poland, married Louis XV in 1725 thanks to the influence of the Duke of Bourbon. Kept out of serious business and not held in particularly high regard in the Court, the Queen devoted her energies to the convent she founded in the town of Versailles for the education of poor girls. In June 1726, Fleury convinced the king to deprive the Duke of Bourbon of his ministry. Maria's early life was troubled by her father's political misfortune. Cambridge University Press (2004). [4], Marie had been given advice by her father to always loyally stand by the Duke of Bourbon, to whom she owed her marriage and position, and it was a favor to the Duke that Marie made her first attempt to interfere in politics. Finally, Madame de Pompadour was presented at court in 1745, and was given such an important and influential position at court until her death in 1764, that she somewhat eclipsed the queen. During the War of the Polish Succession in 1733–1736, she supported her father's candidacy to the Polish throne, and upon her father's demand,[4] she did her best to encourage Cardinal Fleury to support her father's candidacy, though she herself expressed to the Cardinal that she had never wished for the war and that she was an innocent cause of it because the French wished to enhance her dynastic status. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska was a French queen by marriage to Louis XV, King of the French. [4] She and the clergy supported the idea of the king exiling his mistress Marie Anne de Mailly and her sister and the idea that the king should make a public regret for his adultery, but this did not improve their marriage.[5]. Her children all regarded her as a role model of virtue, particularly the daughters, though Marie herself reportedly was not noted to show much affection toward them, being phlegmatic in her nature. Her death on 24 June 1768, at the age of 65 was a huge blow to the French Monarchy. Unlike her elder siblings, she was not raised at Versailles, but rather at the Abbey of Fontevraud, where she remained until she was 15. A Taste of Marie Leszczyńska is presented in the Dauphine’s Apartments, which have been reopened for the occasion. She was the longest serving Queen consort o Fraunce. According to our records, Marie Leszczyńska is possibly single. In these complicated disputes over the choice of a royal marriage partner, Marie Leszczyńska eventually emerged as a choice acceptable to both the party of the Duke of Bourbon and Madame de Prie, as well as the party of Cardinal Fleury, mainly because she was politically uncontroversial and lacked any of the alliances which could harm either party. She had nine children. [4] Louis George, Margrave of Baden-Baden as well as the third Prince of Baden were suggested, but these negotiations fell through because of her insufficient dowry. This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; other spellings are also used in English and French. [4] After Louis fell seriously ill, there was a great fear that he would die before he had time to have an heir to the throne. Marriage and children. Her great rival, Madame de Pompadour, also a woman of taste and intellect, had already died a few years earlier. View Source: Share. It was also her favorite portrait, which she had reproduced to give to friends. She befriended Orleans’s old chancellor, the comte d’Argenson, who promoted her to Louis’s new regent, the Duc of Bourbon. Madame de Prie immediately enlisted the queen to speak to the king in favor of Bourbon. I remember that giddy day when the colonist and I were wed; the gin flowed very free, we rolled out through Covent Garden in the best coach and by the end of the night grandmother Gilflurt was somewhat … Marie Leszczyńska : biography 23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768 This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; various other spellings are also used in English and French. She regarded the first official mistress, Louise Julie de Mailly, as the most hurtful because she was the first one, but she disliked Marie Anne de Mailly on a more personal level because Marie Anne was haughty and insolent. In 1709, her father was deposed when the Swedish army lost the military upper hand in Poland, and the family was granted refuge by Charles XII in the Swedish city of Kristianstad in Scania. Devoid of political connections, his daughter was viewed by the French as being free from the burden of international alliances. [7] Shortly afterward, Voltaire wrote a poem in honor of his patron, the royal mistress Madame de Pompadour, in which he alluded to the sexual relationship between Pompadour and the king. She was escorted on her way by Mademoiselle de Clermont, seven ladies-in-waiting, two maids-of-honour and numerous equerries and pages in a long train of coaches; however, she was not welcomed by triumphal entries, diplomatic greetings or the other official celebrations, as was normally the custom upon the arrival of a foreign princess upon a royal marriage. Among her own private friends were her grand almoner Cardinal de Luynes, Duke Charles Philippe d'Albert de Luynes and her Dame d'honneur Marie Brûlart. Although she rarely was involved in politics, she stepped in for her husband at court festivities at Versaille, due to his absence. Anne and Amelia of Great Britain, who were considered with the understanding that they would convert to the Catholic faith upon marriage, were favored by the Duke of Bourbon and Madame de Prie because it was supported by their political financiers, the firm of Paris Brothers Joseph Paris Duverney. She was a daughter of […] Her “colourist”, Etienne Jeaurat, guided her paintbrush for 15 years, and she was advised by Jean-Baptiste Oudry. Marie Louise Thérèse Victoire was born on 11 May 1733 and was known as Madame Quatrième as her birth happened shortly after the death of Marie Louise. 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