Portrait of Louis XIV. Shortly after, France experienced a bitter civil war named “La Fronde,” or “the sling,” for the weapon the … The peasants had very little food and were near starved during the reign of Lois XIV. The things that Louis XIV did throughout his reign over France used up much of Franceà ¡à ¯s wealth. His reign of seventy-two years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a … He didn't care for politics, but Louis XIV left behind artistic treasures. Most of the peasants were beggars who spent their life on the streets hardly ever receiving food. He gave them offices and fancy titles but little power. Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King (5 September 1638–1 September 1715) was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May 1643 until his death. Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi Soleil), was King of France from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. Under rule of Louis XIV, France had the largest population and the greatest army, making it the most powerful country in Europe. Louis XIV by Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701). Louis XIV, King of France, in 1661. Louis XIV (1638-1715) was king of France from 1643 to 1715. How Louis XIV Controlled the Nobility. His reign is also associated with the greatest age of French culture and art. Louis XIV's France was emblematic of the age of absolutism in Europe. Aided by politicians such as Jean-Baptiste Colbert, and more especially, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule on his kingdom. The monarch soon decided that it was time to start expanding. Then, in 1642, Louis XIV became the king of France at the very tender age of four (with a 72 year reign, he is the longest known monarch of European history). Colbert also had no problem with using peasants to do road work. Culture Louis XIV: What France's Sun King did for art. This was the longest recorded rule of any European monarch.He is often seen as the typical example of absolutism.He was the older of two brothers the other being Philippe. Some peasants were draftees in Louis's army and navy. Louis XIV (1638–1715), known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history. He wanted them there so that they couldn’t gain independent provinces. Louis required greater nobles stay mostly at the court with threat of punishment. Louis XIV’s domestic policy was to transform France.Louis XIV built on Louis XIII’s policy of extending absolute royal rule (centralised absolutism) to all parts of the kingdom.Louis was the archetypal absolutist monarch. In 1667, French troops invaded the Spanish Netherlands in an attempt to expand the French border. 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