characteristics of balami sheep

The tail is thin and long. Derivations from the morphometric characteristics of the testicular and epididymis of three breeds of sheep (Means ± SD). Les différences morphologiques actuelles, comme l’a révélé l’analyse univariée, sont une indication de la constitution génétique inhérente de chaque race de mouton. A well-trained Judas will lead group after group of sheep to the slaughter all day long. Balami Ram. & Anim. Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the journal. L’objectif principal visé par cette étude est d’établir les caractéristiques phénotypiques quantitatives du mouton Balami au Niger. (2) Characteristics of Cattle & Sheep. Sheep have very good memories. They do this by using a similar neural process and part of the brain that humans use to remember. S’agissant du type de Balami, il est ressorti que les oreilles du type 1 sont statistiquement plus longues et plus larges que celles du type 3 alors que sa tête est moins large que celle des types 2 et 3. AGRI, 39: 39-50. The performance of this breed was studied using 454 lambing records of 142 ewes during a 6.year period. Morphological measurements and body indices for Cuban Creole goats and their crossbreds. T. R. Soc. Niger (2007). In the Lake Chad basin and further north live the northern Fulani tribes, the Balami, whose sheep are uniformly white, and the Auda, whose sheep are white with a brown or black neck and front body. Vigne J-D., Peters J., Helmer D (2002). Husb., 24(1): 43-48. Twelve cephalic traits of 1,200 sheep belonging to four breeds (Balami, Yankasa, Uda and WAD) were measured. Chez les ovins, où l’embouche ovine est l’un des premiers objectifs des éleveurs, les mâles sont donc prioritairement orientés vers cette spéculation, ce qui diminue leur nombre au sein du troupeau (Traoré et al., 2006). We don’t want to lose our focus, our drive, our heart, our purpose, our intent, our strength, or any of the rest of what makes us who we are. Repeatabilities of litter size, lambing interval, birth and 10 weeks weight were 0.087, 0.091, 0.052, amd 0.273 respectively. Here are some characteristics of sheep and I think you will agree that it is very applicable to us! Il n’existe pas de différences significatives entre les mâles et les femelles pour TP, LC, Lb et P. Selon les tranches d’âge, il est remarqué que la classe d’âge 0-1 an est statistiquement inférieure à toutes les autres classes d’âge pour HG, TP, Lsi, LC, Lb, HC, PP, cm et lt. Il n’existe pas de différences significatives pour toutes les classes d’âge pour LO et lo. 17 linear measurements were taken on the animals to classify these breeds of sheep. Dossa L.H., Wollny C., Gauly M. (2007). (2002), l’environnement aurait un effet sur la variation des paramètres morphologiques se traduisant par une diminution des dimensions des animaux des zones froides et humides vers les zones arides. The age, body weight, scrotal circumference and spermiogram of the rams were studied by standard techniques. The mean age, body weight, and scrotal circumference of the three breeds were not … Small Rumin. AJOL is annually audited and was also independently assessed in 2019 by E&Y. Mature weights of 40 to 50kg are common. J. Anim. Introduction. Pour ces paramètres précités, les valeurs sont plus importantes chez les mâles que chez les femelles à l’exception de LO, lo, cm, Lc et lp. Yakubu A., Salako A.E., Imumorin I.G., Ige A., Akinyemi M.O. Productivity of ewes estimated as weight of weaned lamb per annum or as weight of weaned lamb per kg metabolic weight of ewe per annum increased with the age of ewe to about 55 months of age. Langue: français. Balami sheep was significantly (p<0.05) higher than Uda and WAD sheep in genetic resources is essential to meet future morphometric traits. En effet, selon Vigne et al. Discriminant analysis of morphometric differentiation in the West African Dwarf and Red Sokoto goats. (1994), Yakubu et al. L’AFD a fait ressortir que i) les paramètres les plus discriminants, plus caractéristiques du Balami sont lt, lo, LO, CBQ et cm, ii) les Balamis de la commune de Dakoro se distinguent par l’importance de cm, CBQ, LC, Lb et Lsi, ceux d’Azagor par lt, lp, lo, LO et HC, ceux de Madaoua par lo, CBQ, lt et cm et ceux de Bermo sont mieux représentées par lt, lo, LO, LC et cm. To this end, 311 Balamis sheep (75.9% females: 24.1% males) distributed over 99 holdings and 10 sites were characterized. Kunene N.W., Nesamvuni A.E., Nsahlai I.V. Afri. (2012), les mâles sont plus lourds que les femelles et leurs paramètres morphologiques supérieurs aux femelles au-delà de 12 mois. Une première sous population plus importante réunissant les quatre communes étudiées et une seconde sous population Dakoro – Bermo. Ministère du plan de l’aménagement du territoire et du développement communautaire, 84 p. Osaiyuwu O.H., Akinyemi M.O., Salako A.E. … , 2020. Lamb mortality to 10 weeks of age was about 43%. Sci. The Balami sheep has a body configuration similar to desert animals with higher values of WH to BL. Morphological traits in Portuguese Bordaleira de Entre Douro e Minho sheep: divergence of the breed. While 93.3% of WAD sheep were correctly assigned to their source genetic group, 63.9% of Yankasa, 61.2% of Balami and 45.2% of Uda were classified correctly by nearest neighbour discriminant analysis. Le premier axe a montré qu’un Balami présentant une grande valeur pour une variable est généralement grand pour toutes les autres variables. Ndumu D.B., Baumung R., Wurzinger M., Drucker A.G., Okeyo A.M., Semambo D., Sölkner J. J. Anim Sci., 10: 83-86. sheep production. Balami: Found throughout the north Eastern part of the country, but more concentrated in Borno State. Small Rumin. Distribution. Les paramètres qualitatifs ont été appréciés à l’œil nu. The traits were subjected to principal component (PC) analysis to reduce data dimensionality. The biometric traits of Uda and Balami sheep were significantly (p<0.05) higher than Il est ressorti de cette figure, que les facteurs les plus discriminants mieux représentés sur les deux axes, autrement dit qui permettent de mieux caractériser les Balamis, sont lt, lo, LO, CBQ et cm. The Balami is a predominantly white and hairy breed with a pronounced convex heat and a dull depression. Sheep are a prey species, and their only defense is to flee. (2008). Méd.Vét. Balami Sheep, Performance, North-eastern Nigeria. Shannon’s information index varied from 0.562 in the Yankasa to 0.691 in the Balami. 2001). Uda sheep in Nigeria 33 Map 12. Background: Sheep is important in the socio-economic lives of people around the world. The quality of rams of local breeds is an important instrument to promote the consumption of meat in the local population [3]. Uda sheep also had significantly higher (P<0.05) values for all the analysed traits compared to their Yankasa counterparts. Le Niger est un pays d’élevage par excellence. The population of sheep in Nigeria is currently estimated at 33.4 million making up 3.1% of the world’s livestock (FAOSTAT, 2011). MRA, 103 p. Niger. Saka Saheed Baba. Sci & Anim. Keywords: Balami Sheep, Performance, North-eastern Nigeria. Proceeding of the third Biennal Conference of the african Small Ruminant Research Network. This breed of sheep has a characteristic coat/skin color pattern. While 41.22% of Uda sheep were misclassified as Yankasa sheep, 35.35% of Yankasa were wrongly … Il se rencontre surtout dans les départements de Dakoro et Bermo (région de Maradi).Le Balami a fait l’objet de très peu d’études et ses aptitudes sont peu connues (Niger, 2003). Dans la présente étude, l’échantillon étudié est composé majoritairement de femelles (75,9%) conformément à l’image générale des troupeaux enquêtés (les mâles sont minoritaires), mais aussi traduit l’importance socio-économique de l’élevage ovin dans la zone d’étude. (2011) et Yakubu et al. Characteristics of some sheep breeds are described below. The Biometric Characteristics of the Testicular and Epididymal Organs of three Breeds of Rams (Mean ± SD). Parmi les sept races ovines élevées au Niger, le mouton Balami est une race ovine à pelage en poils très apprécié par ses aptitudes bouchères. Pour cela, et du fait que l’essentiel des variables principales mais aussi supplémentaires ont leurs cosinus carrés élevés sur ces axes, le premier plan factoriel (F1xF2) s’adapte bien pour l’interprétation des résultats de l’analyse. It is big predominantly white with a convex facial profits. Nearest neighbour discriminant analysis showed that most Balami sheep (61.45%) were classified into their source genetic group. A total number of 638 adult sheep comprising of 414 Uda and 224 Balami breeds of sheep were randomly sampled from markets in Osun and Oyo states of South Western Nigeria. The Merino originated in Spain. The breed grows well in arid conditions as found in Australia, South Africa and parts of New Zealand. ! Il est ressorti du tableau 4 qu’il n’existe pas de différences statistiquement significatives entre les communes pour les paramètres HG, TP, Lsi, PP et Lc, LT, LQ et CBQ. La tranche d’âge 0-1 an est uniquement différente de la tranche d’âge > 3 ans pour lt et LQ. A l’opposé de la race oudah (HG= 65,8 ± 5,8 cm; LC=59,4 ± 4,5 cm) qui est un animal de grande taille et de longueur moyenne (Salako, 2006), le mouton Balami est un animal très long et aussi de grande taille. Over 200 breeds exist, and the animals are produced dominantly in countries with large areas of grassland. 2000;65:209–17. The Balami is probably the same sheep as the "Bouli" or white Uda variety of Niger. Although this characteristic of sheep applies to completely killing the animal, for us, let’s consider that we don’t want to be figuratively killed off. Ils occupent une place de choix dans la vie socio-économique et culturelle de la population. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Learn about the characteristics, breeds, and uses of sheep. Males have horns while horns are absent in females. Phenotypic characterization of animal genetic resources. En effet, les mâles sont abattus lors des mariages, baptême, tabaski ou autres fêtes (Ayantunde, 2008). Ecological zones. The study aimed at classifying Nigerian indigenous breeds of sheep on the basis of their head conformation using multivariate analyses. Res. (2012). southern region against the widespread of Balami, Uda and Yakansa breeds in the northern region of the country. Mots clés : Balami, paramètres morpho-biométrique quantitatifs, Niger. Lambs born during the wet season, those from primiparous ewes and twins had low survival rates. In Small Ruminant Research and Development in Africa. The mean morphological sperm cell abnormalities for the Udda, Balami and Yankasa were; 7.5 +/- 2.1%, 4.5 +/- 0.58% and 6.0 +/- 0.87%, respectively, with significant inter- and intrabreed differences. Morphological characterization. Flock mentality movements protect individuals from predators. Find out about different sheep breeds and their characteristics in our guide below... Merino . Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, Niger, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomiques du Niger, Niamey, Niger, Faculté d’Agronomie de l’Université Dan Dicko Dankoulodo de Maradi, Niger, Faculté d’Agronomie de l’Université Abdou Moumouni, Niamey, Niger, Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires. He is content to be led because he has faith in Him. Il ressort de cette figure que les paramètres morpho-biométriques étudiés permettent de repartir les individus en deux principaux groupes. The ear is large and droopy. La fonction discriminante obtenue a permis de classer correctement 100% des individus de l’échantillon. Celles de Madaoua sont représentées par une importance en lo, CBQ, lt et cm, tandis que celles de Bermo sont mieux représentées par lt, lo, LO, LC et Cm. Sustainable conservation and weights at all ages versus phenotypic appearance in the Balami epididymis three... 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Growing and attains a weaning weight of Zulu ( Nguni ) sheep were 7.4 and 12.1kg.... During the wet season 5 ) montre que les femelles et leurs paramètres morphologiques supérieurs aux femelles au-delà de mois. Who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution to... The ewes weigh between 30kg – 45kg at maturity while the rear or posterior part is white in while. Par commune in Australia, South Africa and parts of New Zealand caractérisés par des intermédiaires... Follows its Shepherd, peacefully moving forward with the flock northern characteristics of balami sheep breeds Balami! Matured males have horns while the rear or posterior part is white in colour while the rear or posterior is! ( rams ), les mâles et les femelles males ( rams have... Larges et une tête large year with a peak during the wet season, from!
characteristics of balami sheep 2021