the march on versailles summary

Maillard returned to Paris with his status as a local hero made permanent. The crowd then called for the queen, who emerged with two of her children. But before we get to the march, let's talk a little about Versailles and the crisis that fomented the protest. A group of six women were escorted into the king’s apartment, where they told him of the crowd’s privations. Armed with sticks and clubs and shouting, “Bread!” a mob of women and men (some dressed as women) marched the 12 miles from Paris to Versailles on the night of October 5, 1789. Lafayette (commander-in-chief of the National Guard), who had earned the court’s indebtedness, convinced the king to address the crowd. The Bastille was a fortress built in the late 1300s to protect Paris during the Hundred Years' War. Driven to desperation by food shortages, they hoped the king would intervene – but some had more sinister ambitions. This violent attack on the government by the people of France signaled the start of the French Revolution. Eventually, the popula… The Women's March on Versailles in October 1789 is often credited with forcing the royal court and family to move from the traditional seat of government in Versailles to Paris, a major and early turning point in the French Revolution. After the king withdrew, the exultant crowd would not be denied the same accord from the queen and her presence was demanded loudly. They were armed with kitchen knives and many other simple weapons, with some carrying muskets and swords. Women's March to Versailles. As the Revolution progressed, he was hounded into exile by the radical leadership. However, at about 6 a.m., some of the protesters discovered a small gate to the palace was unguarded. As more and more women and men arrived, the crowd grew to more than 7,000 individuals. It was an additional factor for the mobilization of the working poor in Paris and other cities during the early stages of the French Revolution. Calls for more radical action were increasing, and many nobles and those who were not French nationals left France, fearing for their fortunes or even their lives. It was clear that major upheaval was underway in France. An illustration of the Women’s March on Versailles, October 5, 1789, author unknown. Stanislas-Marie Maillard, who had been a captain and national guardsman and helped attack the Bastille in July, had joined the crowd. The march on Versailles's main purpose was to obtain bread and force the price of bread down to where it had been. The clergy and the aristocracy had lost their priviliges, and feudalism had been abolished, but true change for the working class was slow to come.Ordinary citizens were still struggling to keep themselves fed, with the price of grain having skyrocketed due to droughts in the summer of 1788. The ceiling was painted by Antoine Coypel, 1708–09. When the marchers reached Versailles, after a walk in driving rain, they experienced confusion. A 1789 engraving of the women’s march on Versailles. Many people in Paris were thus hungry and restless. © Sarah DUSAUTOIR/Fotolia. Stuart Bowman as Alexandre Bontemps, valet of the king. Summary. The rest of the National Constituent Assembly followed the king within two weeks to new quarters in Paris, excepting 56 pro-monarchy deputies. When the crowd finally reached Versailles, members of the National Assembly greeted the marchers and invited Maillard into their hall. The king tries to work with the mob by promises to give them the majority of bread in his supply and when he retreats the women believed he lied. They seized more weapons at city hall, and also seized the food that they could find there. The Many Roles of Women in the French Revolution, Biography of Marie Antoinette, Queen Executed in the French Revolution, A History of the Palace of Versailles, Jewel of the Sun King, The Bastille, and its Role in the French Revolution, The Estates General and the French Revolution, The French Revolution, Its Outcome, and Legacy, Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1965 to 1969, The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, Biography of Marie-Antoinette, French Queen Consort, Biography of King Louis XVI, Deposed in the French Revolution, American Revolution: Marquis de Lafayette, Everything You Need to Know About Bastille Day, A Narrative History of the French Revolution - Contents, Biography of King Louis XIV, France’s Sun King, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School. And sank exhausted on the royal banquet became the source of apotheosis in revolutionary hagiography royal family lived in oblivious. 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