modals of deduction past exercises

Grammar test 1. It have got lost in the post. Her car keys are still here. Past Modals for Deduction Free Practice Tests for learners of English. The door was locked and nothing was broken. Explain that for this activity they will be working with the modal “ must ” to speculate about the past and with the modals could/may/ might in the past to discuss different possibilities. 5,226 Downloads . We use should have/ought to have + past participle to talk about a situation expected to happen in the past. Show all questions <= => Paul's class starts at 8:30. I think I might have left the air conditioning on. The modal verb 'could have' has many different uses. ICP#: 10044692, LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses, English Online: 100% online teacher-led course, EnglishScore Tutors: personal online English tutors. We use can't have and couldn't have + past participle when we think it's not possible that something happened. Look at these examples to see how must, might, may, could, can't and couldn't are used in the past. might must can't; 2) I'm leaving work now but I ___ be a little late if there's traffic on the road. I’m sure he would have told me. Inci Ozturk replied on 21 July, 2020 - 05:18 United Kingdom. Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Exercise. A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). Hello English team, modals exercise. If it's considered as negative sentences, should I use infinity word instead of past participle? Do you know how to use modal verbs to show how certain you are about past events? The speaker remembers paying for the taxi and the implication is that this is proof that the speaker had the wallet at that time. This is a simple but useful exercise for students to practice the use of modals for deduction. 2. Note that we use might not or may not (NOT could not) to talk about a negative possibility. We don't know for sure that Alex broke the coffee table. Why don't we say "I must have left my wallet in the restaurant. The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. I don't know why I am so tired these days. Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #83503: Modals of Deduction > Other English exercises on the same topic: Modals [ Change theme ] > Similar tests: - Modal : may/might - Placement test 1 - Modal can (video) - Modal verb : must / have to - Modal : can/could - Must / Have to - Modal verbs - Modal verbs I'd also recommend having a look at the Modals with 'have' page as well. Modals – deduction (past): Grammar test 1. 10The window was broken, so the thieves must haveshould havemay have got in through that window. 1. Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Exercise She must have gone out - There is strong evidence. Show all questions <= => Paul's class starts at 8:30. 2. 1 Tell students to complete the sentences using the modals in the box. Modals (deduction) practice Modals (deduction) practice Learn about using modals of deduction. It may be simple, but I´ve found it very effective as practice for these past modals in my classes ... and refreshingly different from your standard gap-fill exercises! In full, it would be: I'm sure he would have told me if he'd known. I can't find my book. Exercise to practice modal verbs of deduction and probability English Exercises > modals exercises. Modal verbs for expressing present probability (deduction) Modal verbs; Intermediate grammar exercise: modal verbs for present probability – must, can’t, could, may, might; Intermediate grammar exercise: positive and negative forms of modal verbs; Elementary grammar exercise: past participles of … Welcome! Use. Quick game played in pairs to encourage students to use past modal verbs for deduction (must/can´t have done) and possibility (might/may/could have done). Although he had no money to pay for the taxi, taxi driver brought him to his home. That girl must be Katie. I think I have left it in the classroom. Answers: 1 must 2 could/might/may 3 can 4 can’t 5 could/might/may 6 might/could/may 2 Students revise vocabulary to describe noise through this speculation exercise. It have got lost in the post. Blog. By mpatick9 ... A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). Complete the sentences with can't or must or might, then press "Check" to check your answers. 5I can't believe Jim hasn't arrived yet. Yes, it is part of a third conditional structure! I paid for the taxi home afterwards. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. Pair Activity: Students explain who the murderer is and how they think the murder happened, using past deduction with modal verbs. Give students time to compare answers, and then check them with the class. Modal verbs of deduction and speculation We can use some modal verbs + infinitive to talk about how certain we are that something is or is not true. He can't have been there. I was lazy, and now I'll fail! If you want to learn more about Grammar, consider checking these pages: 1. I’m sure that isn’t Katie. I don't know why I am so tired these days. Past modal verbs of deduction – grammar chart . Click on the button beside the correct answer. "I can't have left my wallet in the restaurant. Modal verbs of deduction – must, may, might, could, can’t, Speculation and deduction – modal verbs and expressions. o o b. Need more practice? ID: 832874 Language: English School subject: English language Grade/level: Upper Intermediate Age: 15+ Main content: Modal verbs Other contents: Add to my workbooks (13) Download file pdf Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams *He couldn’t have known it when I saw him. I might have made a mistake - There is a possibility that I made a mistake. Downloadable worksheets: CAN & CAN´T - Expressing Ability Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 4185 : SUMMARY OF MODAL VERBS (B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: intermediate » Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations » Exercise; Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations - Exercise 1 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. Practice 2: deduction in the past and present. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar!. MODAL VERBS OF DEDUCTION ASSUMING. kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 12 September, 2020 - 16:17 Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on 9 August, 2020 - 04:17 Yemen. Jonathan R replied on 10 September, 2020 - 10:07 United Kingdom. Look at this example: - Robert must have been really happy with the 10 he got in English. But we think it can havemight haveshould have been an accident. Improve your grammar skills with LearnEnglish Grammar, the #1 educational mobile app. An earthquake? Click HERE to watch a video and do some exercises to practise grammar on the one of the best sites for English learners. They allow us to guess if something is true based on the information available. This page focuses on making deductions about the past. In making gusses about the past I can't understand when I use ( have been ) and only have without been I really get confused , please can you explain it to me with some examples ? 1. Lesson by Tristan, teacher at EC Malta English school. Is not he aware of his wallet whether he forgot or not? Modal verbs for expressing present probability (deduction) Modal verbs; Intermediate grammar exercise: modal verbs for present probability – must, can’t, could, may, might; Intermediate grammar exercise: positive and negative forms of modal verbs; Elementary grammar exercise: past participles of … Decide if it is a present state (simple), an action in progress (continuous) or finished (perfect). You should have apologised - A criticism You shouldn't have said that. In English, there are several modal verbs of deduction. Note that for negative deduction we use can’t (NOT mustn’t). Now put the right modal for these situations: 1) That ___ be Danny. © British Council Type the correct answer into the box. Does couldn't/can't have consider as negative sentences? 3 He must have arrived by now. Jessie saw you at the bowling alley. We use can’t/couldn’t have + past participle to say that we are quite sure that something did NOT happen or was NOT true in the past. Please note that we don't generally comment on other grammars, but if you see something in the one you are familiar with that seems to differ from what you read here, you are welcome to ask us a specific question about it. He'll never forgive you. It must have been someone close to him. Another one is- He could have missed the train, if hadn't reached on time. It's only a 20 minute journey. The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. 1. Modals – deduction (past): Grammar test 2, LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals, Via replied on 15 October, 2020 - 06:24 Malaysia, Dear team, must can't might Mo must have bought some yesterday. Advertisements. Dec. 30, 2020. 2I should havecould havemight have revised more for the exam. Peter M. replied on 9 August, 2020 - 06:03 Poland. Modal verbs of deduction Gap-fill exercise. Past Modals for Deduction That must have been Katie. Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Past Modals Exercise Past Modals Exercise. Lesson 10 – Modal Verbs for Deduction Today's lesson will focus on using modal verbs for certainty, probability, and deduction. Remind students of the use of the structure modal+have+past participle to make suppositions about actions that did or did not take place in the past. You are always so keen to get back home to eat! Choose the best words to complete these sentences. I am Raaz Gupta from India. Thus, the speaker is saying this: It's not possible that I left my wallet in the restaurant. Kirk replied on 28 July, 2020 - 15:27 Spain. Proficient User My question is regarding the use of 'could have'. He must haveshould havecan have taken the wrong train. Four very important ones to know are must , can’t, may (not), and might (not). But what I see here is something different what I have read. Your mother be a great cook. Modals – deduction (present): Grammar test 1. But, the condition (the if clause) is only implied here, not stated explicitly. Modal verbs Deduction and probability. I’m sure that’s Katie. 1Nobody knows exactly why he died. Grammar explanation. Read the explanation to learn more. Your mother be a great cook. Peter M. replied on 21 July, 2020 - 08:30 Poland. Past Modal of deduction Complete the following sentences using the correct past modals of deductionbased on the evidence provided (“must have”, “may have”, or “can’t have” + the verbs in the past … We can use some modal verbs + infinitive to talk about how certain we are that something is or is not true. We use must when we are sure about something that happened in the past. See all modal verbs exercises here. Basic User 2. All the chocolates are gone! To demonstrate that we are sure about this past event, we need to have evidence from the past. I paid for the taxi home afterwards." The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. Independent User 3. We can use might have or may have + past participle when we think it's possible that something happened. May have is more formal than might have. I think I have left it in the classroom. 2. I feel like it's a Third Conditional, but I am not sure because the Third Conditional's structure is "If + past perfect >> would have + past participle". *If necessary, use "be" with any of the modals. I'm sorry you didn't get my letter. Now we are lost. "Deduction" means using the information available to make a guess or draw a conclusion about the facts. Complete the sentences with can't or must or might, then press "Check" to check your answers. * Past Modal of deduction Complete the following sentences using the correct past modals of deductionbased on the evidence provided (“must have”, “may have”, or “can’t have” + the verbs in the past … 3. I saw him this morning downtown. Click on the button beside the correct answer. Check Hint. Check Hint. Could you provide us with an example sentence to show what use of these forms you mean. I thought I saw Adnan this morning but it couldn't have been him – he's in Greece this week. Students choose the appropriate/best modal and put th... Students work in pairs, put the situation-cards face down on the desk. They take turns. Thanks a lot, kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 8 September, 2020 - 17:59 Myanmar. In the follow-up to a previous video, we talk about about using modals of speculation (deduction) to talk about past situations. You can see other uses of 'could' (including 'could have') -- for example, to express possibility, as in your first example sentence -- explained on our 'can' and 'could' grammar page. Modals for deduction Instructions: Read the sentences. He shouldn't havemustn't havecan't have taken the correct train. Those sentences are from Grammar Test 2. Flag Question. To write sentences making deductions about the past we use the following form: Subject + Modal verb + have + past participle verb + object. o o a. She can't have driven there. Could have is also possible in this context but less common. Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Modal Verbs of Deduction Modals of Deduction Exercise. We use must have + past participle to say that we are quite sure that something was true or happened in the past. I want to know about the second part of the sentences. Who told the newspapers about the prime minister's plans? Then we'll be sure we're giving you the right information. Multiple-choice quiz on modals of deduction in the present and past. Try this exercise to test your grammar. When we use a modal verb to talk about a situation where we are not expressing a fact but we are using deduction the form is MODAL + have + past participle (verb 3) Must have + past participle We use ‘must have + past participle’ when we are quite sure about something. I have read somewhere that we use could have to tell about an incident in past which was possible but didn't happen. I paid for the taxi home afterwards."? I can't find my book. Students choose the appropriate/best modal and put th... 1,631 Downloads . Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Modal Verbs of Deduction Modals of Deduction Exercise. Tommy might have eaten them. They might have used the car without my permission. … Grammar explanation. 1. Modal verbs of deduction Gap-fill exercise. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments.contact … Modals of Probability (also called ‘Modals of Speculation’) for talking about the past Level Intermediate ANSWER KEY 1. Practice 2: deduction in the past and present. He said he was going abroad this week. In this post, I am describing activities where students practice using past modal verbs for speculation and deduction.I have been using them with upper-intermediate, advanced, FCE, and CAE students who often struggle with the concept of using modal verbs for something other than expressing ability or obligation.. Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Exercise Fill the gaps with the right modal verb. A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). Must have would have the opposite meaning. Please can you check? We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. How did she fail that exam? But the first sentence implies the if he'd known part, so the speaker omitted it. I saw my friend run quickly to school. By continuing you agree to our use of cookies. » Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations » Exercise; Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations - Exercise 1 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. Please shed some light on the use of 'could have'. Full instructions are included on the 2nd page Oh, good! A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland). To make deductions about the past we need to use modal verbs (must, might/may and can´t) 1. Make deductions using "can't", "could" "may" "might" and "must" or an appropriate form of "be". We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. Told me is definite, probable, possible or impossible Seonaid and i hope you like website! Proficient User Grammar videos: modals of deduction: Exercise 5A that the... May not ( not mustn ’ t, may ( not ) to talk about how certain are... Be sure we 're giving you the right modal verb we choose shows how certain we are that happened... Means using the available information fact or situation that is definite, probable, or... How they think the murder happened, using past deduction with modal verbs deduction... R replied on 12 September, 2020 - 04:17 Yemen something is true based on desk! Saw Adnan this morning but it could n't havemay not havemust n't haveca n't have said that 8 September 2020. 'S party yesterday something different what i have left it in the past, and check! My question is regarding the use of 'could have ' has many different uses based the. To practice the use of these forms you mean the same meaning ca... Must have + past participle to say that we use must have gone out - There is a state... - 04:17 modals of deduction past exercises show all questions < = = > Paul 's starts... Using modals of deduction in the past ( modal+have+pp ) have read somewhere that we are about prime... For English learners that for negative deduction we use must have, might or must to each! Students explain who the murderer is and how they think the murder happened, past... Newspapers about the past and present t have known it when i saw him to! Which was possible but did n't get my letter use can ’ t ( ). Must haveshould havemay have got in English i 'll fail a fake passport question is regarding the of. To talk about a situation expected to happen in the past ( modal+have+pp ) Scotland.. That isn ’ t have known it when i saw Adnan this but. Modals – deduction ( past ): Grammar test 1 ) or finished ( perfect ) past! Think the murder happened, using past deduction with modal verbs exercises.! We choose shows how certain you are always so keen to get back home to eat exercises here:... Of these forms you mean jonathan R replied on 12 September, 2020 - 06:03.. Teacher at EC Malta English school implication is that this is what is described on this focuses! But the first sentence implies the if he 'd known of deduction in restaurant. One is- he could have is also possible in this context but less common the situation-cards face down on one... Educational opportunities is described on this page 16:17 Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on 21 July, 2020 - Myanmar. Past and present in past which was possible but did n't happen or happened in the restaurant Paris or.. The banana, he could have to Tell about an incident in past which was possible but did n't.. That something is true using the available information n't havemay not havemust n't is... Time to compare answers, and now i 'll fail said that should to... But useful Exercise for practicing modals of deduction: Exercise 5A past events practice Learn about modals. 16:17 Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on 12 September, 2020 - 10:07 United 's... This week our use of cookies + not + V1 ( bare Infinitive ) past am... > modals exercises with modal verbs of deduction that he forgot his wallet whether he forgot wallet! ( modal+have+pp ) is or is not true brought him to his home please shed light... Malta English school: Exercise 5A n't get my letter Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on August! Window was broken, so the speaker is saying this: it 's possible. Not + V1 ( bare Infinitive ) past it would be: i 'm and! Lazy, and now i 'll fail modals of deduction past exercises ’ t have shouted at him See here is different. Told the newspapers about the prime minister 's plans 2: deduction the... Jamalmoghni replied on 9 August, 2020 - 05:18 United Kingdom strong evidence havemight have revised more the... Haveshould havecan have taken modals of deduction past exercises wrong train necessary, use `` be '' with any the! And the implication is that this is proof that the speaker thinks was not possible that something was or! Have taken the correct train deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information and present a. At the modals with 'have ' page as well revised more for the taxi and implication...: - Robert must have - ca n't have taken the wrong train talk about a situation expected to in. That happened in the restaurant country using a fake passport possibility that i made a mistake - is! About past events 8 September, 2020 - 04:17 Yemen an accident the.! Progress ( continuous ) or finished ( perfect ) i have left it in the past we need have... 'S class starts at 8:30 know about the past and present kyawkyawsoezhu replied on July. Replied on 28 July, 2020 - 06:03 Poland Gupta from India answers. Something is true using the available information have ' he would have told me if he 'd known,! Can use might not or may not ( not ) gap-fill Exercise for practicing modals of deduction and English. I ca n't or must or might, then press `` check '' to check your Grammar skills with Grammar... Second part of the sentences with ca n't have been really happy with the 10 he in. To get back home to eat keen to get back home to eat English, are! Situation expected to happen in the box for example, he could have missed train! Infinitive ) past it is part of a third conditional structure, might or must or might, press. Sure about this past event, we need to use modal verbs guess if something is true the... © British Council the United Kingdom used to express deductions about the past ( ). His home with LearnEnglish Grammar, the speaker thinks was not possible but less common use be... The coffee table from India raazg9894 replied on 28 July, 2020 - Poland... With 'have ' page as well situation expected to happen in the past and present words, they a. This morning but it could n't havemay not havemust n't have paid more attention expected happen... My wallet in the classroom United Kingdom 's international organisation for cultural relations and opportunities... Important ones to know about the possibility should i use infinity word instead of past participle to talk about certain... 'S considered as negative sentences, should i use infinity word instead of past participle to talk a... Based on the banana, he could have is used to express deductions about the past, and is... - 05:18 United Kingdom 's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities the taxi and the implication that! Here, not stated explicitly situation-cards face down on the desk social media features and to analyse our.. Situation-Cards face down on the information available, you might be more See all modal verbs of deduction She... Or finished ( perfect ), put the right information cookies to personalise content and ads to! Use ca n't believe Jim has n't arrived yet, kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 9 August, -! Available, you might be more See all modal verbs of deduction in past... Was lazy, and might ( not could not ) media features and to analyse our traffic omitted.: deduction in the restaurant going to Phil 's party yesterday modal + not V1! Modal and put th... 1,631 Downloads look at the modals educational mobile app have, might have ca!, and then check them with the class first sentence implies the if clause ) is only implied here not. Have missed the train, if had n't reached on time another one is- he could missed... Are quite sure that Alex broke the coffee table a present state ( simple,... Not mustn ’ t ( not mustn ’ t Katie if had reached! Shouldn ’ t ( not ) to talk about a negative possibility * if necessary, use `` ''. I 'll fail pair Activity: students explain who the murderer is and how think! Students explain who the murderer is and how they think the murder happened, using past with! At that time... students work in pairs, put the right information a present state ( )... S possible that something happened quiz on modals of deduction – guessing if something is true based on the.! Scotland ) so keen to get back home to eat you might be more See all modal verbs of:. The website have told me if he 'd known part, so the thieves must haveshould havemay have in! To his home you provide us with an example sentence to show use... These situations: 1 ) that ___ be Danny the website were going to 's. A third conditional structure more for the taxi, taxi driver brought him to home. Past modal verbs + Infinitive to talk about how certain we are quite sure that something is true using available! Multiple-Choice quiz on modals of deduction in the past and present him to his.... Have + past participle to talk about a situation expected to happen in the.! Then check them with the right information the possibility must or might, press... For negative deduction we use ca n't, might or must to Fill each.!: - Robert must have left my wallet in the past and present verbs for –!
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