nilgiri district map

[citation needed]. Its economy is based on commodity crops of tea, coffee, and spices, followed in importance by potato, cabbage, carrot, and fruit. whose related cultures are based on pastoral management of the buffalo, with its dairy products being the basis of their diets. Local place names are derived mainly from the dominant Badaga language, e.g., Doddabetta, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudaluru, Kunda, etc. Nilagiri receives rain from the Monsoon; while summer is humid, winter is very dry. Nilagiri is located at 21°28′N 86°46′E / 21.46°N 86.77°E / 21.46; 86.77. The Nilgiris District population is 735071. Unlike elsewhere in the country, no historical evidence is found of a state on the Nilgiris or that it was part of any ancient kingdom or empire. These forests are home to the largest herd of Asian elephants in India, who range from the Nilgiris across towards the Eastern Ghats. Major Districts of Tamil Nadu The Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu is located between 10 - 38 and 11- 49 North Latitude and between 76.0 and 77.15 East Longitude. A great deal of linguistic and other cultural evidence[7]—based on unauthentic interpretation of ballads and stories collected from unverifiable individuals—indicates erroneously with a malicious intent that the Badaga non scheduled tribes have lived in nilgiris thousands and thousands of years ago. Its latitudinal and longitudinal location is 130 km (Latitude: 11°12 N to 11°37 N) by 185 km (Longitude : 76°30 E to 76°55 E). There are no irrigation schemes here. [14] The district is basically hilly, lying at an elevation of 1,000 to 2,600 metres above MSL, and divided between the Nilgiri plateau and the lower, smaller Wayanad plateau. DISTRICT FOREST OFFICER, NILGIRIS DIVISION, MOUNT STUART HILL UDHAGAI 643 101 NILGIRIS Phone: 0423-2444083 / 0423-2443968 E-mail: dfosouthooty@yahoo.co.in: DISTRICT FOREST OFFICER, GUDALUR DIVISION, 11/274, KOZHIKODE SALAI, GUDALUR 643 212 Phone: 04262-261302 E-mail: dfogdlr.nlg@tn.gov.in / dfo_gudalur@yahoo.com The entire Gudalur and Pandalur, Kundah Taluks and parts of Udhagamandalam Taluk get rain from the Southwest Monsoon, while part of Udhagamandalam Taluk and the entire Coonoor and Kotagiri Taluks get rains of the Northeast Monsoon. Current MLA from Nilgiri Assembly Constituency is Sukanta Kumar Nayak of BJP, who won the seat in State elections in 2014. Beginning in 1819, the British colonial administration developed the hills rapidly and peaceably, for use as coffee and tea plantations, and summer residences. They were the ancient agriculturists in the district, cultivating traditional crops such as samai, vathm, ragi. The Nilgiri Mountain Train, locally known as the Toy Train, attracts tourists as the journey has extensive views of the hills and forests. By the end of the 19th century, the hills were completely accessible, as several Ghat roads and the railway line had been constructed. The elevation of the Nilgiris results in a much cooler and wetter climate than the surrounding plains, so the area is popular as a comfortable retreat and is good for tea cultivation. [citation needed] Its modern history is known for the growing consciousness of democracy and self-rule. In Odisha, people of Nilagiri celebrate this as "The Victorious Uprising of Nilagiri". The Nilgiris and the Southwestern Ghats are also one of the most important tiger habitats left in India. Tea plantations in Nilgiri District (as in other growing districts of India) typically own and operate their own processing factories. Bandarban district (4,479 km 2) is not only the most remote district of the country, but also the least populous (population 292,900). And get the complete information about Nilgiris District. The 40 mud-forts in the area had been abandoned. He reported to the Madras Government on the mildness of the climate. The average literacy of the district was 77.46%, as compared to the national average of 72.99%. Of the languages native to the Nilgiris, Badaga is spoken by the largest number of people: around 150,000, forming 17% of the population. Shows trekking routes. The administrative headquarters is located at Ooty (Ootacamund or Udhagamandalam). Some tourists are attracted to study the lifestyles of the various tribes living here or to visit the tea and vegetable plantations. [29] The district is home to several hill stations which are visited by tourists during summer. He is from village Sangrampur. Booking.com, being established in 1996, is longtime Europe’s leader in online hotel reservations. Fig. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in The Nilgiris District, India on Tripadvisor: See 82,312 traveler reviews and photos of The Nilgiris District tourist attractions. Though their language is very close to Kannada, it is a mixture of almost all Dravidian languages and yet unique. Certain vested interest have invested in researchers to bring about half-truths about the Badagas. Road network map will help you in traveling Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. We have reviews of the best places to see in The Nilgiris District. [10] John Sullivan, then the collector of Coimbatore, just south of the Nilgiris, sent two surveyors (W. Keys and C. McMahon) to make a comprehensive study of the hills. [citation needed] The annual flower show, organised by the Government of Tamil Nadu at the Botanical Garden in Ooty, is an annual event, known for its display of roses. Nilgiri District Tourist Map near Tamilnadu, India. [9] The British in India mostly ignored the Ghats for two centuries. There are one district headquarters government hospital, five taluk hospitals, 38 primary health centres, 194 health sub-centres, and five plague circles in the district. The Nilgiris district has been headed by a government-appointed Collector since 1868. Kundah Power House VI – Kattukuppai (Emerald), This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 16:53. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. View Location View Map. Its history can be traced back to paleolithic age. Tourist map of Nilgiri District, Tamilnadu, India. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 32.08% and 4.46% of the population, respectively. Outside these parks much of the native forest has been cleared for grazing cattle, or has been encroached upon or replaced by plantations of tea, eucalyptus, cinchona and acacia. Nilgiris hotels: low rates, no booking fees, no cancellation fees. These forests extend south along the Western Ghats range to the southern tip of India, and are dominated by a diverse assemblage of trees, many of them deciduous during the winter and spring dry season. Articles related to the Nilgiris district, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Nilgiris district", https://www.amazon.com/Encyclopaedia-Nilgiri-Hills-2-Parts/dp/8173048932, "Home: District of The Nilgiris, Tamilnadu, India", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census Info 2011 Final population totals", "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", Indian History Carnival–60: 5th Anniversary Edition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilgiris_district&oldid=998276351, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Find Nilgiris Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Nilgiris and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. The Kota lived in seven dispersed villages ("kokal"). 1. [3] Tea and coffee plantations have been important to its economy. High School[3] and R.T. High School in the heart of Nilagiri. The Badagas did not find any representation in independent India's Constituent Assembly; to deprive the unlettered Badaga of their land it was intentionally left out of the tribal list post independence. | nilgiris Previous MLAs from this seat were Pratap chandra sarangi (BJP) 2004, Pradipta Panda of CPI(M) in 2000, Akshaya Kumar Acharya representing INC in 1995 and Samarendra Narayan Das INC representing INC(I) in 1980, Chittaranjan Sarangi as independent candidate in 1990, Sukumar Nayak of INC in 1985, Rajendra Chandra Mardaraj of JNP in 1977. Nilgiris district ranked first in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking districts in Tamil Nadu (not including Chennai) prepared by the Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009. Coonoor Block comprises the taluk of Coonoor. Small growers sell their tea as green leaf to "bought leaf factories", which are independently owned. Maps of District; e-Governance; Departments. [4] During the British raj, Ooty (the popular name for Ootacamund) served as the summer capital of the Madras Presidency from 1870 onwards. Nilgiris District The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.Nilgiri is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Panchalingeswara is surrounded by thick greenery and hillocks. It seems always to have been a tribal land. The Nilgiris District Administrative head quarter is Udhagamandalam. Location map of the study area in landslide hazard Zonation map of India II. The South Western Ghats montane rain forests ecoregion covers the portion of the range above 1000 metres' elevation. Her father, Montague D. Cockburn, had opened the first coffee plantation there soon after 1830.[13]. Check dams have been constructed wherever possible to exploit natural springs. During 1804–1818 several East India Company personnel briefly visited parts of the district. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway from Mettupalayam to Udhagamandalam via Coonoor, is a great tourist attraction. These are available to Harvard affiliates for research purposes. The history of peoples settled in the Nilgiri hills has been recorded for several centuries. Branches of the natural spring flow through the hill range which add more attraction to this place. Welcome to Nilgiris, one of the oldest mountain ranges, located at the tri-junction of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. There are two high schools, K.C. [7], "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)", "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 17-Nilgiri Constituency of Odisha", "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilagiri&oldid=986916161, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 19:09. Arthur Wellesley, later the Duke of Wellington, conducted a short military operation in the Wynaad in 1800. They reached the site of Ootacamund, but failed to see the complete plateau. As of 2011, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394, with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males.It is the first plastic free district in Tamil Nadu State. The best-known of these are the Toda and Kota, The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It has 8th to 9th-century temple ruins, Buddhist and Jainism relics, articles which are shown in the museum established by Government of Odisha at Ajodhya and Maa Marichee Temple. [4] It has an average elevation of 23 m (75 ft). The main cultivation is plantation crops such as tea and coffee, but with some cardamom, pepper and rubber too. Revenue; Horticulture; Social Welfare; District Differently Abled Welfare; Election. Other smaller languages include Irula, Paniya, Toda and Kota. Its history can be traced back to paleolithic age. During the early 17th century, the first European is recorded as entering the Nilgiri Hills, an Italian priest/explorer named Fenicio. All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris district. It has several buildings designed in the British style, particularly the churches, many of which were designed by architect Robert F. There are 16 rainfall-registering stations in the district, and the average annual rainfall of the district is 1,920.80 mm. The district lies at the juncture of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. [24] It serves many of the more heavily populated areas of the district, including Coonoor, Wellington, Aruvankadu, Ketti, Lovedale and Ooty. The Blue Mountains were likely named for the widespread blue Strobilanthes flower or the smoky haze enveloping the area. Nilagiri College and Women's College, Baba Panchalingeswar College are three colleges that impart higher education in the area. Paddy is also grown in the Thengumarahada area in Kotagiri Taluk. About District. These evergreen rain forests are extremely diverse. The Nilgiri Biosphere … As it is located at the junction of three states namely Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, a significant Malayali and Kannadiga population reside in the district.[2]. [19] A total of 66,799 people were under the age of six, 33,648 males and 33,151 females. Nilgiri English: Blue Mountains is the name given to a range of mountains spread Melur is a [citation needed], Odisha freedom fighters like Balaram Raj, Shyamsundar Parida, Kailashchandra Mohanty, Banamali Das, Baishnab Patnaik, Brundaban Chandra Sadangi, Satish Chanrdra Das and Nanda Kishore Patnaik violently fought against the local prince and forced him to surrender to newly formed Indian National Government. The district comprises six taluks: Udhagamandalam (Ooty/Ootacamund), Kundah, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Pandalur. It has smaller populations speaking Kannada, Telugu and Urdu, forming 7%, 3% and 2% of the population respectively. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. Before British-owned tea and coffee plantations were developed, the dominant landholders were the Badaga. However, those uprisings gained momentum with able leaderships and led to the first peasant movement of India. Since then there have been more than 100 men who have held the post. The prominent geomorphic units identified in the district through interpretation of Satellite imagery are 1) Structural hills, 2) Ridges, 3) Valley fills, 4) Pediments, 5) During summer the temperature reaches a maximum of 25 °C (77 °F) and a minimum of 10 °C (50 °F). Several tourist spots in Coonoor include Lambs Rock and Sims Park, where a Fruit Show is held during each summer. 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