This is true of vaccines as well. Patients come to us asking for reassurance about these decisions, and if they don't get strong reassurance, it's pretty easy to put it off until the next visit, or the next visit, or "I'll think about it maybe the next time.". NARRATOR: Luke's seizures continued, constantly. NOVA's "Vaccines—Calling the Shots" takes viewers around the world to track epidemics, explore the science behind vaccinations, hear from parents wrestling with vaccine-related questions, and shed light on the risks of opting out. DAN GESCHWIND: The genetics are pointing to early developmental processes, somewhere between 10 and 24 weeks or so of gestation. Sir Gustav Nossal is a world renowned immunologist. He returned home to his tight-knit Orthodox community, where most people vaccinate, but he came from a group of families strongly opposed to vaccines. NARRATOR: Decision scientist, Brian Zikmund-Fisher, studies how we think about risk. The 2013 measles outbreak in New York hit hard and fast, but remained within the Brooklyn area. One miscarried. Amazing, right? PAUL OFFIT: We've got to give people credit. Season 41 Episode 14 | 53m 10s | Video has closed captioning. Consumer Reports has the latest on which vaccines seniors need and when. Learn more about how vaccines work with the body’s immune system and different types of immunity.. The series is designed to provide key immunization knowledge in a very basic step-by-step manner. NARRATOR: Today, scientists like Daniel Geschwind are making dramatic progress in finding the real causes of autism. AMY MIDDLEMAN: Again, you know how I feel. ARCHIVAL FOOTAGE: A major medical hurdle was crossed with the discovery, of Dr. Jonas Salk, of the anti-polio vaccine. Yeah, you'll see measles in third world countries, in other countries. How risky is that, really? That's up to 28 immunizations in the first two years of life, to protect against 14 different diseases. It's a history that we don't seem to learn from. And, obviously, if the only cases of polio you have in a country come from the very vaccine designed to prevent it, it doesn't pass. At the center of this disturbing narrative lies the recent outbreak of measles across the United States and other countries. The majority of children have no side effects from a vaccine. YULIA PATSAY (Mother): There's just so much information there, and I don't, I don't know who to ask. CAROLYN THOMPSON (Mother of cervical cancer victim): Jennifer was 37 years old, and she died from cervical cancer. And what's the most emotional story? CE Instructions for. This program is designated for Certified Health Education Specialists (CHESÂ®) and/or Master Certified Health Education Specialists (MCHESÂ®) to receive up to 1 total Category I continuing education contact hours. There have been claims of rare, serious reactions, even deaths. Pass the posttest at 80%. No one knows who spread the deadly germ to him, only that he was one of the lucky ones. And you know, as doctors, your, your job is to try and save children's lives, and when you stand helplessly by and watch them die it's…it just gets to you. They also understand that Luke was going to get this condition anyway. KATHY SALAMONE (Mother of Polio Patient): …high fever. In support of improving patient care, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team. Is it okay to have a seizure?" So the virus can sort of hang out in the air for up to two hours. It will find those people who are unprotected in, in a community. WB4095: Immunization: You Call the Shots-Module One-General Best Practice Guidelines for Immunization-2019. It affected my right leg. But there are extremely rare cases, where a vaccine has done harm, cases like David Salamone's. NARRATOR: Human history is scarred with stories of deadly germs destroying lives. Many people worry about the risks of serious adverse events or side effects from vaccines. NARRATOR: To understand how vaccines work, we first need to understand immunity. Persons in the rabies enzootic areas are considered to be in the frequent-risk category and should have a serum sample tested for rabies antibody every 2 years; if the titer is less than complete neutralization at a 1:5 serum dilution by the RFFIT, the person also should receive a single booster dose of vaccine. SERE 100.2. The risks happen to be miniscule of serious side reactions, the benefits are enormous. It contains background information and resources gathered in the course of making "Vaccines—Calling the Shots.". My muscles atrophied. I mean no one sees measles. Anthropologist Heidi Larson, studies why people do, or don't, place trust in vaccines. Their job is to remember the invader and to sound the alarm if it ever appears again. YULIA PATSAY: I don't know where we came up with that. NARRATOR: So, as autism reveals its secrets, it's increasingly clear that childhood vaccines cannot be the cause. CDC, our planners, our content experts, and their spouses/partners wish to disclose they have no financial interests or other relationships with the manufacturers of commercial products, suppliers of commercial services, or commercial supporters. NARRATOR: Thanks to the injectable "Salk" vaccine and later, the oral "Sabin" vaccine, polio rates plummeted by 99 percent. JOHN SALAMONE (HOME VIDEO): Okay, David, come on down. These have been carefully investigated. BRIAN ZIKMUND-FISHER: In 1955, this is where Dr. Thomas Francis announced to the world the outcome of the polio vaccine trials. vaccine and sex is a concern. 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